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Effects of active commuting to work for 12 months on cardiovascular risk factors and body composition


Sareban, Mahdi; Fernandez La Puente de Battre, Maria Dolores; Reich, Bernhard; Schmied, Christian; Loidl, Martin; Niederseer, David; Niebauer, Josef (2020). Effects of active commuting to work for 12 months on cardiovascular risk factors and body composition. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 30(Suppl):24-30.

Abstract

Active commuting has the potential to decrease cardiovascular risk by increasing physical activity. We aimed to investigate the effects of active commuting to work for 12 months on body composition and cardiovascular risk factors. Therefore, 73 hospital employees (age: 46 ± 9 years, 36% males), with a predominantly passive way of commuting, were randomly assigned to an intervention group (IG) and a control group (CG) in a 2:1 fashion. The IG was further divided into a public transportation plus active commuting group (IG-PT) and a cycling group (IG-C). Both IGs were prompted to reach 150 min/wk of moderate intensity exercise. Daily self-reported commuting details were verified by GPS tracking. All subjects underwent assessment of body composition, resting blood pressure, glycemic control, and lipid profile at the beginning and end of the study. Data for final analyses were available in 62 subjects. Commuting details indicated that the subjects randomized to IG changed their commuting habits. HbA1c decreased by 0.2% [95%CI: -0.3, -0.2] in IG-PT but was not statistically different between groups (P = .06). LDL cholesterol decreased in IG-C by 0.8 mmol/L [-1.1, -0.4] and by 0.6 mmol/L [-1.2, 0.1] in IG-PT which can be considered biologically relevant but did not yield statistical significance. Body composition and blood pressure did not differ between groups. Active commuting to work for 12 months did not change body composition but yielded relevant changes in lipid profile and glycemic control. Health benefits of active commuting should be addressed by healthcare professionals when counseling individuals that seek to improve their cardiovascular risk profile.

Abstract

Active commuting has the potential to decrease cardiovascular risk by increasing physical activity. We aimed to investigate the effects of active commuting to work for 12 months on body composition and cardiovascular risk factors. Therefore, 73 hospital employees (age: 46 ± 9 years, 36% males), with a predominantly passive way of commuting, were randomly assigned to an intervention group (IG) and a control group (CG) in a 2:1 fashion. The IG was further divided into a public transportation plus active commuting group (IG-PT) and a cycling group (IG-C). Both IGs were prompted to reach 150 min/wk of moderate intensity exercise. Daily self-reported commuting details were verified by GPS tracking. All subjects underwent assessment of body composition, resting blood pressure, glycemic control, and lipid profile at the beginning and end of the study. Data for final analyses were available in 62 subjects. Commuting details indicated that the subjects randomized to IG changed their commuting habits. HbA1c decreased by 0.2% [95%CI: -0.3, -0.2] in IG-PT but was not statistically different between groups (P = .06). LDL cholesterol decreased in IG-C by 0.8 mmol/L [-1.1, -0.4] and by 0.6 mmol/L [-1.2, 0.1] in IG-PT which can be considered biologically relevant but did not yield statistical significance. Body composition and blood pressure did not differ between groups. Active commuting to work for 12 months did not change body composition but yielded relevant changes in lipid profile and glycemic control. Health benefits of active commuting should be addressed by healthcare professionals when counseling individuals that seek to improve their cardiovascular risk profile.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Health Sciences > Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
Language:English
Date:August 2020
Deposited On:16 Feb 2021 17:30
Last Modified:01 Mar 2021 16:31
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0905-7188
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13695
PubMed ID:32333707

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