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Acidosis predicts mortality independently from hyperlactatemia in patients with sepsis


Wernly, Bernhard; Heramvand, Nadia; Masyuk, Maryna; Rezar, Richard; Bruno, Raphael Romano; Kelm, Malte; Niederseer, David; Lichtenauer, Michael; Hoppe, Uta C; Bakker, Jan; Jung, Christian (2020). Acidosis predicts mortality independently from hyperlactatemia in patients with sepsis. European Journal of Internal Medicine, 76:76-81.

Abstract

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES

Acidosis and hyperlactatemia predict outcome in critically ill patients. We assessed BE and pH for risk prediction capabilities in a sub-group of septic patients in the MIMIC-III database.

METHODS

Associations with mortality were assessed by logistic regression analysis in 5586 septic patients. Baseline parameters, lactate concentrations, pH, and BE were analyzed at baseline and after 6 hours.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS

We combined acidosis (defined as either BE ≤-6 and/or pH ≤7.3) and hyperlactatemia and split the cohort into three subgroups: low-risk (no acidosis and lactate <2.3 mmol/L; n = 2294), medium-risk (either acidosis or lactate >2.3 mmol/L; n = 2125) and high-risk (both acidosis and lactate >2.3 mmol/L; n = 1167). Mortality was 14%, 20% and 38% (p<0.001) in low-risk, medium-risk and high-risk patients, respectively. The predictiveness of this model (AUC 0.63 95%CI 0.61-0.65) was higher compared to acidosis (AUC 0.59 95%CI 0.57-0.61; p<0.001) and lactate >2.3 mmol/L (AUC 0.60 95%CI 0.58-0.62; p<0.001) alone. Hyperlactatemia alone was only moderately predictive for acidosis (AUC 0.60 95%CI 0.59-0.62).

CONCLUSIONS

Acidosis and hyperlactatemia can occur independently to a certain degree. Combining acidosis and hyperlactatemia in a model yielded higher predictiveness for ICU-mortality. Septic patients with acidosis should be treated even more aggressively in the future.

Abstract

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES

Acidosis and hyperlactatemia predict outcome in critically ill patients. We assessed BE and pH for risk prediction capabilities in a sub-group of septic patients in the MIMIC-III database.

METHODS

Associations with mortality were assessed by logistic regression analysis in 5586 septic patients. Baseline parameters, lactate concentrations, pH, and BE were analyzed at baseline and after 6 hours.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS

We combined acidosis (defined as either BE ≤-6 and/or pH ≤7.3) and hyperlactatemia and split the cohort into three subgroups: low-risk (no acidosis and lactate <2.3 mmol/L; n = 2294), medium-risk (either acidosis or lactate >2.3 mmol/L; n = 2125) and high-risk (both acidosis and lactate >2.3 mmol/L; n = 1167). Mortality was 14%, 20% and 38% (p<0.001) in low-risk, medium-risk and high-risk patients, respectively. The predictiveness of this model (AUC 0.63 95%CI 0.61-0.65) was higher compared to acidosis (AUC 0.59 95%CI 0.57-0.61; p<0.001) and lactate >2.3 mmol/L (AUC 0.60 95%CI 0.58-0.62; p<0.001) alone. Hyperlactatemia alone was only moderately predictive for acidosis (AUC 0.60 95%CI 0.59-0.62).

CONCLUSIONS

Acidosis and hyperlactatemia can occur independently to a certain degree. Combining acidosis and hyperlactatemia in a model yielded higher predictiveness for ICU-mortality. Septic patients with acidosis should be treated even more aggressively in the future.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Internal Medicine
Language:English
Date:June 2020
Deposited On:17 Feb 2021 07:12
Last Modified:18 Feb 2021 21:00
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0953-6205
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2020.02.027
PubMed ID:32143899

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