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Effect of maternal infection on progeny growth and resistance mediated by maternal genotype and nutrient availability


Höckerstedt, Layla; Susi, Hanna; Laine, Anna‐Liisa (2021). Effect of maternal infection on progeny growth and resistance mediated by maternal genotype and nutrient availability. Journal of Ecology:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

Maternal effects of pathogen infection on progeny development and disease resistance may be adaptive and have important consequences for population dynamics. However, these effects are often context‐dependent and examples of adaptive transgenerational responses from perennials are scarce, although they may be a particularly important mechanism generating variation in the offspring of long‐lived species.
Here, we studied the effect of maternal infection of Plantago lanceolata by Podosphaera plantaginis, a fungal parasite, on the growth, flower production and resistance of the progeny of six maternal genotypes in nutrient‐rich and nutrient‐poor environments. For this purpose, we combined a common garden study with automated phenotyping measurements of early life stages, and an inoculation experiment.
Our results show that the effects of infection on the mother plants transcend to impact their progeny. Although maternal infection decreased total leaf and flower production of the progeny by the end of the growing season, it accelerated early growth and enhanced resistance to the pathogen P. plantaginis.
We also discovered that the effects of maternal infection affected progeny development and resistance through a three way‐interaction between maternal genotype, maternal infection status and nutrient availability.
Synthesis. Our results emphasize the importance of maternal effects mediated through genotypic and environmental factors in long‐living perennials and suggest that maternal infection can create a layer of phenotypic diversity in resistance. These results may have important implications for both epidemiological and evolutionary dynamics of host–parasite interactions in the wild.

Abstract

Maternal effects of pathogen infection on progeny development and disease resistance may be adaptive and have important consequences for population dynamics. However, these effects are often context‐dependent and examples of adaptive transgenerational responses from perennials are scarce, although they may be a particularly important mechanism generating variation in the offspring of long‐lived species.
Here, we studied the effect of maternal infection of Plantago lanceolata by Podosphaera plantaginis, a fungal parasite, on the growth, flower production and resistance of the progeny of six maternal genotypes in nutrient‐rich and nutrient‐poor environments. For this purpose, we combined a common garden study with automated phenotyping measurements of early life stages, and an inoculation experiment.
Our results show that the effects of infection on the mother plants transcend to impact their progeny. Although maternal infection decreased total leaf and flower production of the progeny by the end of the growing season, it accelerated early growth and enhanced resistance to the pathogen P. plantaginis.
We also discovered that the effects of maternal infection affected progeny development and resistance through a three way‐interaction between maternal genotype, maternal infection status and nutrient availability.
Synthesis. Our results emphasize the importance of maternal effects mediated through genotypic and environmental factors in long‐living perennials and suggest that maternal infection can create a layer of phenotypic diversity in resistance. These results may have important implications for both epidemiological and evolutionary dynamics of host–parasite interactions in the wild.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
590 Animals (Zoology)
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Physical Sciences > Ecology
Life Sciences > Plant Science
Uncontrolled Keywords:Plant Science, Ecology, Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Language:English
Date:19 January 2021
Deposited On:19 Feb 2021 16:09
Last Modified:20 Feb 2021 21:00
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0022-0477
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13568

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