Tau abnormal aggregates have been visualized in‐vivo using intravital microscopy techniques with high resolution, but are limited to a small field‐of‐view and depth. Here, we report a new method for the transcranial detection of tau deposits accross the brain with 6 μm resolution.
In vitro Thioflavin T fluorescence assay was performed to screen fluorescence imaging probes that bind to tau fibrils. P301L (Thy1.2) mouse models of frontal temporal lobe dementia with four repeat tau and non‐transgenic littermates were imaged in vivo using a novel large‐field multifocal illumination (LMI) fluorescence microscopy technique using luminescent conjugated oligothiophenes h‐FTAA. Immunohistochemical staining were performed on P301L mouse brain tissue sections using anti‐phosphorylated tau antibodies AT8 and AT100.
In vitro Thioflavin T fluorescence assay and LMI imaging shows that h‐FTAA bind to recombinant full‐length tau fibrils. In vivo LMI imaging using h‐FTAA showed higher retention in the cortex of P301L mice at 10 month‐of‐age compared to age‐matched non‐transgenic littermates. Immunohistochemical staining on P301L mouse brain tissue sections showed co‐localization of h‐FTAA with anti‐phosphorylated tau antibodies AT8 and AT100, thus verifying the specificity of the probe to tauopathy in P301L mice.
We demonstrate a new in vivo high‐resolution imaging platform for detection of tauopathy in murine models of frontal temporal lobe tauopathy.