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Music & Memory: The Impact of Individualized Music Listening on Depression, Agitation, and Positive Emotions in Persons with Dementia


Huber, Andreas; Oppikofer, Sandra; Meister, Laura; Langensteiner, Fabian; Meier, Nico; Seifert, Alexander (2020). Music & Memory: The Impact of Individualized Music Listening on Depression, Agitation, and Positive Emotions in Persons with Dementia. Activities, adaptation & aging, 45(1):70-84.

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the impact of a music-based intervention on depression, agitation, and positive emotions among 23 persons with dementia, using a crossover design. Along with a caregiver, each participant received a total of 16 sessions of individualized music listening. All sessions were filmed, resulting in 362 videos, and the content was analyzed. Depression scores decreased significantly over time while agitated behavior showed a constant moderate level without any significant decreases. Positive emotions occurred significantly more often than negative emotions during the music listening. Individualized music listening induced positive emotions and reduced depression scores over time.

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the impact of a music-based intervention on depression, agitation, and positive emotions among 23 persons with dementia, using a crossover design. Along with a caregiver, each participant received a total of 16 sessions of individualized music listening. All sessions were filmed, resulting in 362 videos, and the content was analyzed. Depression scores decreased significantly over time while agitated behavior showed a constant moderate level without any significant decreases. Positive emotions occurred significantly more often than negative emotions during the music listening. Individualized music listening induced positive emotions and reduced depression scores over time.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
06 Faculty of Arts > Center for Gerontology
08 Research Priority Programs > Dynamics of Healthy Aging
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Health Professions (miscellaneous)
Health Sciences > Gerontology
Health Sciences > Geriatrics and Gerontology
Uncontrolled Keywords:Gerontology, Geriatrics and Gerontology, Health Professions (miscellaneous)
Language:English
Date:2 January 2020
Deposited On:23 Feb 2021 15:22
Last Modified:24 Feb 2021 21:00
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1544-4368
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/01924788.2020.1722348

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