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Estradiol and progesterone as resilience markers? – Findings from the Swiss Perimenopause Study


Süss, Hannah; Willi, Jasmine; Grub, Jessica; Ehlert, Ulrike (2021). Estradiol and progesterone as resilience markers? – Findings from the Swiss Perimenopause Study. Psychoneuroendocrinology:105177.

Abstract

While resilience seems to be associated with a variety of biological markers, studies assessing such correlates in women during the perimenopause are lacking. The perimenopause constitutes a phase of major biopsychosocial changes, during which the sex hormones estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) eventually decrease significantly. The aim of this study was to examine the extent to which the declining levels of E2 and P4 serve as resilience markers in perimenopausal women. In 129 healthy perimenopausal women aged 40–56 years, saliva samples were collected on every fourth day over a period of four weeks in order to investigate E2 and P4 levels. All participants completed psychosocial questionnaires including variables related to resilience, well-being, and mental health. Perimenopausal status was determined using the Stages of Reproductive Aging Workshop (STRAW) criteria. The results indicate that P4 is linked to psychosocial resilience. More precisely, women with higher P4 levels seem to be more resilient than women with lower P4 levels, irrespective of the perimenopausal status. No such relation was found for E2 levels. Further analyses revealed that women with higher P4 levels experience significantly higher life satisfaction, lower perceived stress, and lower depressive symptoms than women with lower P4 levels. Accordingly, P4 can be considered as a biological marker of resilience in perimenopause.

Abstract

While resilience seems to be associated with a variety of biological markers, studies assessing such correlates in women during the perimenopause are lacking. The perimenopause constitutes a phase of major biopsychosocial changes, during which the sex hormones estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) eventually decrease significantly. The aim of this study was to examine the extent to which the declining levels of E2 and P4 serve as resilience markers in perimenopausal women. In 129 healthy perimenopausal women aged 40–56 years, saliva samples were collected on every fourth day over a period of four weeks in order to investigate E2 and P4 levels. All participants completed psychosocial questionnaires including variables related to resilience, well-being, and mental health. Perimenopausal status was determined using the Stages of Reproductive Aging Workshop (STRAW) criteria. The results indicate that P4 is linked to psychosocial resilience. More precisely, women with higher P4 levels seem to be more resilient than women with lower P4 levels, irrespective of the perimenopausal status. No such relation was found for E2 levels. Further analyses revealed that women with higher P4 levels experience significantly higher life satisfaction, lower perceived stress, and lower depressive symptoms than women with lower P4 levels. Accordingly, P4 can be considered as a biological marker of resilience in perimenopause.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
08 Research Priority Programs > Dynamics of Healthy Aging
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Life Sciences > Endocrinology
Life Sciences > Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
Health Sciences > Psychiatry and Mental Health
Life Sciences > Biological Psychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biological Psychiatry, Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Endocrinology, Endocrine and Autonomic Systems, Psychiatry and Mental health
Language:English
Date:1 February 2021
Deposited On:04 Mar 2021 12:26
Last Modified:25 Feb 2022 09:06
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0306-4530
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2021.105177

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