Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a bone-derived endocrine hormone that regulates phosphate and vitamin D metabolism. In models of FGF23 excess, renal deoxyribonuclease 1 (Dnase1) mRNA expression is downregulated. Dnase-1 is an endonuclease which binds monomeric actin. We investigated whether FGF23 suppresses renal Dnase-1 expression to facilitate endocytic retrieval of renal sodium dependent phosphate co-transporters (NaPi-IIa/c) from the brush border membrane by promoting actin polymerization. We showed that wild type mice on low phosphate diet and Fgf23-/- mice with hyperphosphatemia have increased renal Dnase1 mRNA expression while in Hyp mice with FGF23 excess and hypophosphatemia, Dnase1 mRNA expression is decreased. Administration of FGF23 in wild type and Fgf23-/- mice lowered Dnase1 expression. Taken together, our data shows that Dnase1 is regulated by FGF23. In 6-week-old Dnase1-/- mice, plasma phosphate and renal NaPi-IIa protein were significantly lower compared to wild-type mice. However, these changes were transient, normalized by 12 weeks of age and had no impact on bone morphology. Adaptation to low and high phosphate diet were similar in Dnase1-/- and Dnase1+/+ mice, and loss of Dnase1 gene expression did not rescue hyperphosphatemia in Fgf23-/- mice. We conclude that Dnase-1 does not mediate FGF23-induced inhibition of renal tubular phosphate reabsorption.