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From a mother's point of view: Psycho-social predictors of maternal monitoring strategy and adolescents' electronic media use


Schenkel, Konstantin; Radtke, Theda; Luszczynska, Aleksandra; Lüscher, Janina; Kulis, Ewa; Scholz, Urte (2021). From a mother's point of view: Psycho-social predictors of maternal monitoring strategy and adolescents' electronic media use. Journal of Adolescence, 88:134-145.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: As early adolescents have limited capacities for self-regulating electronic media use (EMU), parental monitoring is needed. However, research has shown that parents do not exert much monitoring over their children's EMU. A theory-based approach may help to identify key predictors of parental monitoring and its effects on adolescents' EMU. Applying the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA), this study examined maternal psycho-social predictors of maternal monitoring of EMU and, subsequently, children's EMU.

METHODS: In Switzerland, 105 mother-adolescent dyads participated in an observational study with two time points (baseline, T1, and follow-up, T2) two weeks apart. Mothers (M$_{age}$ = 43.83 years, SD = 4.45) reported on their HAPA variables and their children's EMU. Adolescents (M$_{age}$ = 12.13 years, SD = 0.99; 60 girls and 45 boys) also reported their EMU.

RESULTS: Maternal outcome expectancies (T1) for less EMU were positively related (β = 0.25) with their intention to monitor EMU (T1). Further, intention was positively associated (β = 0.45) with planning to monitor EMU (T1) which in turn predicted marginally (β = 0.18) maternal monitoring (T2). No significant associations were found between maternal monitoring (T2) and adolescents' EMU (T2) reported by mothers and adolescents.

CONCLUSIONS: Contrary to hypotheses derived from the HAPA, findings demonstrate that not all the HAPA variables are linked to maternal monitoring of adolescents' EMU. More research is thus needed to identify antecedents and consequences of different strategies of maternal monitoring.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: As early adolescents have limited capacities for self-regulating electronic media use (EMU), parental monitoring is needed. However, research has shown that parents do not exert much monitoring over their children's EMU. A theory-based approach may help to identify key predictors of parental monitoring and its effects on adolescents' EMU. Applying the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA), this study examined maternal psycho-social predictors of maternal monitoring of EMU and, subsequently, children's EMU.

METHODS: In Switzerland, 105 mother-adolescent dyads participated in an observational study with two time points (baseline, T1, and follow-up, T2) two weeks apart. Mothers (M$_{age}$ = 43.83 years, SD = 4.45) reported on their HAPA variables and their children's EMU. Adolescents (M$_{age}$ = 12.13 years, SD = 0.99; 60 girls and 45 boys) also reported their EMU.

RESULTS: Maternal outcome expectancies (T1) for less EMU were positively related (β = 0.25) with their intention to monitor EMU (T1). Further, intention was positively associated (β = 0.45) with planning to monitor EMU (T1) which in turn predicted marginally (β = 0.18) maternal monitoring (T2). No significant associations were found between maternal monitoring (T2) and adolescents' EMU (T2) reported by mothers and adolescents.

CONCLUSIONS: Contrary to hypotheses derived from the HAPA, findings demonstrate that not all the HAPA variables are linked to maternal monitoring of adolescents' EMU. More research is thus needed to identify antecedents and consequences of different strategies of maternal monitoring.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
08 Research Priority Programs > Dynamics of Healthy Aging
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health
Social Sciences & Humanities > Social Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Developmental and Educational Psychology
Health Sciences > Psychiatry and Mental Health
Language:English
Date:25 March 2021
Deposited On:14 Apr 2021 07:59
Last Modified:15 Apr 2021 20:00
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0140-1971
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2021.02.008
PubMed ID:33773334
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID100019_169781
  • : Project TitleWhat friends are for: Comparing the effectiveness of an individual planning intervention with collaborative planning
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDCR12I1_166348
  • : Project TitleMeasuring the Impact of Social Support and Common Dyadic Coping on Couple’s Dyadic Management of Type II Diabetes by a Novel Ambulatory Assessment Application for the Open Source Behavioral Intervention Platform MobileCoach

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