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Defining Severe and Persistent Mental Illness-A Pragmatic Utility Concept Analysis


Zumstein, Naomi; Riese, Florian (2020). Defining Severe and Persistent Mental Illness-A Pragmatic Utility Concept Analysis. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11:648.

Abstract

The concept of severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI) lacks a consensual definition. Variations in definitions stem above all from different meanings about the constituent features of the concept and how to operationalize them. Our objective was to clarify the concept of SPMI and to explore the level of concept maturity through pragmatic utility (PU) concept analysis. Our findings suggest that SPMI is a partially mature concept that needs further clarification. We argue that the lack of a uniform definition is inherent to the problem: SPMI refers to a patient population rather than a disease entity, and the term has to be useful for different stakeholder purposes. Therefore, while an agreement on the principle three dimensions included in a definition may be possible (diagnosis, disability, and duration), their operationalization will have to be context-dependent and specific for the task at hand.

Abstract

The concept of severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI) lacks a consensual definition. Variations in definitions stem above all from different meanings about the constituent features of the concept and how to operationalize them. Our objective was to clarify the concept of SPMI and to explore the level of concept maturity through pragmatic utility (PU) concept analysis. Our findings suggest that SPMI is a partially mature concept that needs further clarification. We argue that the lack of a uniform definition is inherent to the problem: SPMI refers to a patient population rather than a disease entity, and the term has to be useful for different stakeholder purposes. Therefore, while an agreement on the principle three dimensions included in a definition may be possible (diagnosis, disability, and duration), their operationalization will have to be context-dependent and specific for the task at hand.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics
08 Research Priority Programs > Dynamics of Healthy Aging
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Psychiatry and Mental Health
Language:English
Date:2020
Deposited On:14 Apr 2021 08:27
Last Modified:01 May 2021 21:21
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN:1664-0640
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00648
PubMed ID:32733295

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