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Why Hydrocephalus Patients Suffer When the Weather Changes: A New Hypothesis


Spiegelberg, Andreas; Stieglitz, Lennart; Kurtcuoglu, Vartan (2021). Why Hydrocephalus Patients Suffer When the Weather Changes: A New Hypothesis. Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplementum, 131:315-317.

Abstract

Hydrocephalus patients complain about symptoms related to weather changes, especially changes in atmospheric pressure (pat). We aimed to determine which physical, physiological, and pathophysiological effects can explain this phenomenon. We hypothesized that intracranial pressure (ICP) is influenced by changes of intracranial blood volume caused by autoregulatory changes in arterial diameter as a reaction to changing levels of arterial CO2 partial pressure (paCO2) caused by changes in atmospheric pressure (pat). To test this hypothesis, we investigated the influence of pat on paCO2, and then assessed the influence of paCO2 on ICP by extrapolating data found in the literature. Using conservative assumptions, we found that a change of pat of about 50 hPa will result in a change in ICP of above 1.65 mmHg, which could explain the symptoms patients reported.

Abstract

Hydrocephalus patients complain about symptoms related to weather changes, especially changes in atmospheric pressure (pat). We aimed to determine which physical, physiological, and pathophysiological effects can explain this phenomenon. We hypothesized that intracranial pressure (ICP) is influenced by changes of intracranial blood volume caused by autoregulatory changes in arterial diameter as a reaction to changing levels of arterial CO2 partial pressure (paCO2) caused by changes in atmospheric pressure (pat). To test this hypothesis, we investigated the influence of pat on paCO2, and then assessed the influence of paCO2 on ICP by extrapolating data found in the literature. Using conservative assumptions, we found that a change of pat of about 50 hPa will result in a change in ICP of above 1.65 mmHg, which could explain the symptoms patients reported.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology

04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurosurgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Surgery
Health Sciences > Neurology (clinical)
Language:English
Date:2021
Deposited On:27 Apr 2021 09:42
Last Modified:19 May 2021 09:33
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0065-1419
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-59436-7_59
PubMed ID:33839865

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