In this study we analyzed psychometric data of 107 individuals who suffer from chronic subjective tinnitus. In particular, we elucidated the relationship between tinnitus-related distress, psychological comorbidities, age, and hearing, and the performance in cognitive concentration and interference tests. Previous research has provided first evidence that individuals with tinnitus may have deficits in cognitive tasks. The present study aimed at extending former research by investigating the relationship between tinnitus distress and cognition. Statistical analyses comprised correlation and regression approaches. We observed a significant relationship between tinnitus distress (tinnitus score, TQ), age and hearing loss and the performance in tests on selective and sustained attention (d2 test) and cognitive interference (Stroop test). Tinnitus distress was identified as the most important predictor of cognitive performance (additionally age for cognitive interference). For other psychometric variables (perceived stress, PSQ; self-efficacy, optimism and pessimism, SWOP) and hearing loss we could not find any meaningful relationship with cognitive performance. The results clearly point to a (currently non-causal) relationship between cognitive skills and distress of tinnitus-related symptoms. Furthermore, the influence of age is noteworthy as this finding implies that with increasing age an appropriate coping with aversive tinnitus symptoms based on proper cognitive functions and age-related hearing dysfunctions, namely inhibition, may become more difficult. Hence, it is suggested to consider cognitive tests as a supplementary measurement in clinical assessment of tinnitus and to raise awareness for the impairing influence of tinnitus on cognition in daily life.