Transposable elements (TEs) are the main component of eukaryotic genomes. Besides their impact on genome size, TEs are also functionally important as they can alter gene expression and influence phenotypic variation. In plants, most top-down studies focus on extremely clear phenotypes such as the shape or the color of individuals and do not explore fully the role of TEs in evolution. Assessing the impact of TEs in a more systematic manner, however, requires identifying active TEs to further study their impact on phenotypes. In this chapter, we describe an in planta approach that consists in activating TEs by interfering with pathways involved in their silencing. It enables to directly investigate the functional impact of single TE families at low cost.