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Postzygotic isochromosome formation as a cause for false-negative results from chorionic villus chromosome examinations


Riegel, Mariluce; Wisser, Josef; Baumer Wolz, Alessandra; Schinzel, Albert (2006). Postzygotic isochromosome formation as a cause for false-negative results from chorionic villus chromosome examinations. Prenatal Diagnosis, 26(3):221-225.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate the origin and mechanisms of formation of isochromosomes 13q and 21q in instances where prenatal chromosome examination revealed a normal karyotype while postnatal chromosome examination from blood showed translocation trisomy 13 and 21.

METHODS

G and/or Q-banded chromosome examinations from CVS cultures and lymphocyte chromosome examinations from two newborns. Microsatellite marker analysis of DNA from the probands and their parents. Prenatal ultrasonic examinations of the fetuses and postnatal clinical examinations of the probands.

RESULTS

Short and long-term CVS examinations from two fetuses revealed normal karyotypes. Lymphocyte karyotypes of the newborns showed the karyotype 46,XY,i(21)(q10) in the first case and 46,XY,i(13)(q10) in the second. The isochromosomes 21q and 13q were shown, by microsatellite marker analysis of the patients and their parents, to be of maternal and paternal origin, respectively.

CONCLUSION

Postzygotic isochromosome formation is one of the possible mechanisms that may lead to false-negative results of chorionic villus chromosome examinations, even if both short-term and long-term cultures are performed and give normal results.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate the origin and mechanisms of formation of isochromosomes 13q and 21q in instances where prenatal chromosome examination revealed a normal karyotype while postnatal chromosome examination from blood showed translocation trisomy 13 and 21.

METHODS

G and/or Q-banded chromosome examinations from CVS cultures and lymphocyte chromosome examinations from two newborns. Microsatellite marker analysis of DNA from the probands and their parents. Prenatal ultrasonic examinations of the fetuses and postnatal clinical examinations of the probands.

RESULTS

Short and long-term CVS examinations from two fetuses revealed normal karyotypes. Lymphocyte karyotypes of the newborns showed the karyotype 46,XY,i(21)(q10) in the first case and 46,XY,i(13)(q10) in the second. The isochromosomes 21q and 13q were shown, by microsatellite marker analysis of the patients and their parents, to be of maternal and paternal origin, respectively.

CONCLUSION

Postzygotic isochromosome formation is one of the possible mechanisms that may lead to false-negative results of chorionic villus chromosome examinations, even if both short-term and long-term cultures are performed and give normal results.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Genetics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Obstetrics and Gynecology
Health Sciences > Genetics (clinical)
Language:English
Date:March 2006
Deposited On:26 May 2021 14:31
Last Modified:25 Apr 2024 01:37
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0197-3851
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/pd.1383
PubMed ID:16475225