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Unassisted and multiple microcatheter coiling of distal basilar aneurysms: Outcomes and literature review


Zaitoun, Mohamed Ma; Malky, Islam El; Winklhofer, Sebastian; Valavanis, Anton; Baltsavias, Gerasimos (2022). Unassisted and multiple microcatheter coiling of distal basilar aneurysms: Outcomes and literature review. Interventional Neuroradiology, 28(2):169-176.

Abstract

PURPOSE

The best treatment for distal basilar artery aneurysms is controversial. We aimed to review our single-centre experience with coil embolisation of aneurysms at this location and compare it with the surgical and endovascular literature.

METHODS

Forty-two aneurysms in a distal basilar location in 42 consecutive patients (15 ruptured and 27 unruptured) were treated endovascularly from 2010 to 2015. Unassisted single and multiple microcatheter coil embolisation alone was used in all cases. We studied our immediate and long-term anatomical results, operative complications, and outcome.

RESULTS

The immediate angiographic results showed complete occlusion in 34 (81%), a neck remnant in seven (16.6%) and a residual aneurysm in one patient (2.4%). There were two thromboembolic events (4.7%) without clinical sequelae; therefore, the operative morbidity and mortality were zero.Three patients with ruptured aneurysms (7.1%) died due to complicated vasospasm. Thirty-nine patients (93%) had clinical and MR imaging follow-up (mean 32.3 months ± 18.6, range from 12 to 66 months). There was recanalization in 30.8% with a retreatment rate of 15.3% and no new bleedings. The aneurysm size was the most important predictor of early anatomical outcome and recurrence.

CONCLUSION

Unassisted and multiple microcatheter coiling is a safe treatment for distal basilar aneurysms. Early anatomical results and recurrence depend on the aneurysm size. Morbidity and mortality are lower and recurrence rates are higher in comparison with clipping or other adjunctive endovascular techniques.

Abstract

PURPOSE

The best treatment for distal basilar artery aneurysms is controversial. We aimed to review our single-centre experience with coil embolisation of aneurysms at this location and compare it with the surgical and endovascular literature.

METHODS

Forty-two aneurysms in a distal basilar location in 42 consecutive patients (15 ruptured and 27 unruptured) were treated endovascularly from 2010 to 2015. Unassisted single and multiple microcatheter coil embolisation alone was used in all cases. We studied our immediate and long-term anatomical results, operative complications, and outcome.

RESULTS

The immediate angiographic results showed complete occlusion in 34 (81%), a neck remnant in seven (16.6%) and a residual aneurysm in one patient (2.4%). There were two thromboembolic events (4.7%) without clinical sequelae; therefore, the operative morbidity and mortality were zero.Three patients with ruptured aneurysms (7.1%) died due to complicated vasospasm. Thirty-nine patients (93%) had clinical and MR imaging follow-up (mean 32.3 months ± 18.6, range from 12 to 66 months). There was recanalization in 30.8% with a retreatment rate of 15.3% and no new bleedings. The aneurysm size was the most important predictor of early anatomical outcome and recurrence.

CONCLUSION

Unassisted and multiple microcatheter coiling is a safe treatment for distal basilar aneurysms. Early anatomical results and recurrence depend on the aneurysm size. Morbidity and mortality are lower and recurrence rates are higher in comparison with clipping or other adjunctive endovascular techniques.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neuroradiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging
Health Sciences > Neurology (clinical)
Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Language:English
Date:April 2022
Deposited On:09 Jun 2021 08:28
Last Modified:25 Apr 2024 01:37
Publisher:Edizioni del Centauro
ISSN:1591-0199
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/15910199211021718
PubMed ID:34053314