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Hypoparathyroidism in conotruncal heart defects


Koch, Andreas; Hofbeck, Michael; Buheitel, Gernot; Dörr, Helmuth-Günther; Rauch, Anita; Rauch, Ralf; Singer, Helmut (2002). Hypoparathyroidism in conotruncal heart defects. European Journal of Pediatrics, 161(4):208-211.

Abstract

UNLABELLED

This retrospective study was designed to evaluate serum levels of intact parathyroid hormone and calcium in patients with conotruncal heart defects with or without microdeletion 22q11.2 in order to investigate a correlation between various types of conotruncal heart defect and hypoparathyroidism. A total of 67 patients with truncus arteriosus, tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect, interrupted aortic arch or vascular ring were included of whom 28 had a 22q11.2 deletion (Group I) and 39 did not (Group II). In two patients of Group I and in one patient of Group II, parathyroid hormone level was decreased with normal serum calcium levels. No patient of Group II showed hypocalcaemia. In Group I, complete hypoparathyroidism with low parathyroid hormone and hypocalcaemia occurred in seven patients; 5 patients had bilateral anomalies of the right and the left 4th aortic arch derivates. In addition to an interrupted aortic arch type B or a high aortic arch, the contralateral subclavian artery arose cervically, high thoracically or anomalously from the descending aorta. Two patients had unilateral anomalies of the 4th aortic arch system: The origin of the right subclavian artery was cervical or from the descending aorta.

CONCLUSION

Hypoparathyroidism occurred in 7 of our 28 patients with conotruncal heart defect and monosomy 22q11.2 and was associated with an extended regression of the 4th aortic arch development on both sides of the aortic arch system.

Abstract

UNLABELLED

This retrospective study was designed to evaluate serum levels of intact parathyroid hormone and calcium in patients with conotruncal heart defects with or without microdeletion 22q11.2 in order to investigate a correlation between various types of conotruncal heart defect and hypoparathyroidism. A total of 67 patients with truncus arteriosus, tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect, interrupted aortic arch or vascular ring were included of whom 28 had a 22q11.2 deletion (Group I) and 39 did not (Group II). In two patients of Group I and in one patient of Group II, parathyroid hormone level was decreased with normal serum calcium levels. No patient of Group II showed hypocalcaemia. In Group I, complete hypoparathyroidism with low parathyroid hormone and hypocalcaemia occurred in seven patients; 5 patients had bilateral anomalies of the right and the left 4th aortic arch derivates. In addition to an interrupted aortic arch type B or a high aortic arch, the contralateral subclavian artery arose cervically, high thoracically or anomalously from the descending aorta. Two patients had unilateral anomalies of the 4th aortic arch system: The origin of the right subclavian artery was cervical or from the descending aorta.

CONCLUSION

Hypoparathyroidism occurred in 7 of our 28 patients with conotruncal heart defect and monosomy 22q11.2 and was associated with an extended regression of the 4th aortic arch development on both sides of the aortic arch system.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Genetics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health
Language:English
Date:27 February 2002
Deposited On:09 Jun 2021 08:45
Last Modified:25 Apr 2024 01:37
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0340-6199
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s004310100818
PubMed ID:12014387