Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Comparison of ultrasound speed-of-sound of the lower extremity and lumbar muscle assessed with computed tomography for muscle loss assessment


Ruby, Lisa; Sanabria, Sergio J; Saltybaeva, Natalia; Frauenfelder, Thomas; Alkadhi, Hatem; Rominger, Marga B (2021). Comparison of ultrasound speed-of-sound of the lower extremity and lumbar muscle assessed with computed tomography for muscle loss assessment. Medicine, 100(21):e25947.

Abstract

To compare the speed of propagation of ultrasound (US) waves (SoS) of the lower leg with the clinical reference standard computed tomography (CT) at the level of lumbar vertebra 3 (L3) for muscle loss assessment. Both calf muscles of 50 patients scheduled for an abdominal CT were prospectively examined with ultrasound. A plexiglas-reflector located on the opposite side of the probe with the calf in between was used as a timing reference for SoS (m/s). CT measurements were performed at the level of L3 and included area (cm2) and attenuation (HU) of the psoas muscle, abdominal muscles, subcutaneous fat, visceral fat and abdominal area. Correlations between SoS, body mass index (BMI) and CT were determined using Pearson's correlation coefficient. Based on reported CT sarcopenia threshold values, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed for SoS. Inter-examiner agreement was assessed with the median difference, inter-quartile range (IQR) and intraclass correlation coefficients. SoS of the calf correlated moderately with abdominal muscle attenuation (r = 0.48; P < .001), psoas muscle attenuation (r = 0.40; P < .01), abdominal area (r = -0.44; P < .01) and weakly with subcutaneous fat area (r = -0.37; P < .01). BMI correlated weakly with psoas attenuation (r = -0.28; P < .05) and non-significantly with abdominal muscle attenuation. Normalization with abdominal area resulted in moderate correlations with abdominal muscle area for SoS (r = 0.43; P < .01) and BMI (r = -0.46; P < .001). Based on sarcopenia threshold values for skeletal muscle attenuation (SMRA), area under curve (AUC) for SoS was 0.724. Median difference between both examiners was -3.4 m/s with IQR = 15.1 m/s and intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.794. SoS measurements of the calf are moderately accurate based on CT sarcopenia threshold values, thus showing potential for muscle loss quantification.

Abstract

To compare the speed of propagation of ultrasound (US) waves (SoS) of the lower leg with the clinical reference standard computed tomography (CT) at the level of lumbar vertebra 3 (L3) for muscle loss assessment. Both calf muscles of 50 patients scheduled for an abdominal CT were prospectively examined with ultrasound. A plexiglas-reflector located on the opposite side of the probe with the calf in between was used as a timing reference for SoS (m/s). CT measurements were performed at the level of L3 and included area (cm2) and attenuation (HU) of the psoas muscle, abdominal muscles, subcutaneous fat, visceral fat and abdominal area. Correlations between SoS, body mass index (BMI) and CT were determined using Pearson's correlation coefficient. Based on reported CT sarcopenia threshold values, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed for SoS. Inter-examiner agreement was assessed with the median difference, inter-quartile range (IQR) and intraclass correlation coefficients. SoS of the calf correlated moderately with abdominal muscle attenuation (r = 0.48; P < .001), psoas muscle attenuation (r = 0.40; P < .01), abdominal area (r = -0.44; P < .01) and weakly with subcutaneous fat area (r = -0.37; P < .01). BMI correlated weakly with psoas attenuation (r = -0.28; P < .05) and non-significantly with abdominal muscle attenuation. Normalization with abdominal area resulted in moderate correlations with abdominal muscle area for SoS (r = 0.43; P < .01) and BMI (r = -0.46; P < .001). Based on sarcopenia threshold values for skeletal muscle attenuation (SMRA), area under curve (AUC) for SoS was 0.724. Median difference between both examiners was -3.4 m/s with IQR = 15.1 m/s and intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.794. SoS measurements of the calf are moderately accurate based on CT sarcopenia threshold values, thus showing potential for muscle loss quantification.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
2 citations in Web of Science®
2 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

29 downloads since deposited on 16 Jun 2021
12 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > General Medicine
Language:English
Date:28 May 2021
Deposited On:16 Jun 2021 10:11
Last Modified:25 Jun 2024 01:40
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0025-7974
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000025947
PubMed ID:34032704
  • Content: Published Version
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)