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Combining biotechnology and evolution for understanding the mechanisms of pollinator attraction


Frachon, Léa; Stirling, Shannon A; Schiestl, Florian P; Dudareva, Natalia (2021). Combining biotechnology and evolution for understanding the mechanisms of pollinator attraction. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 70:213-219.

Abstract

Many flowering plants rely on pollinators for their reproductive success. Plant-pollinator interactions usually depend on a complex combination of traits based on a fine-tuned biosynthetic machinery, with many structural and regulatory genes involved. Yet, the physiological mechanisms in plants are the product of evolutionary processes. While evolution has been modifying flowers through millions of years, it is also a rapid process that can change plant traits within few generations. Here we discuss both mechanistic and evolutionary aspects of pollinator attraction. We also propose how latest advances in biotechnology and evolutionary studies, and their combination, will improve the elucidation of molecular mechanisms and evolutionary dynamics of pollinator attraction in changing environments.

Abstract

Many flowering plants rely on pollinators for their reproductive success. Plant-pollinator interactions usually depend on a complex combination of traits based on a fine-tuned biosynthetic machinery, with many structural and regulatory genes involved. Yet, the physiological mechanisms in plants are the product of evolutionary processes. While evolution has been modifying flowers through millions of years, it is also a rapid process that can change plant traits within few generations. Here we discuss both mechanistic and evolutionary aspects of pollinator attraction. We also propose how latest advances in biotechnology and evolutionary studies, and their combination, will improve the elucidation of molecular mechanisms and evolutionary dynamics of pollinator attraction in changing environments.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany
07 Faculty of Science > Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Biotechnology
Physical Sciences > Bioengineering
Physical Sciences > Biomedical Engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biotechnology, Bioengineering, Biomedical Engineering
Language:English
Date:1 August 2021
Deposited On:07 Jul 2021 13:50
Last Modified:25 Feb 2024 02:40
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0958-1669
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copbio.2021.06.004
PubMed ID:34217123