Molecular or immunological differences between responders and nonresponders to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) of clear cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCCs) remain incompletely understood. To address this question, we performed next-generation sequencing, methylation analysis, genome wide copy number analysis, targeted RNA sequencing and T-cell receptor sequencing, and we studied frequencies of tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells, presence of tertiary lymphoid structures (TLS) and PD-L1 expression in 8 treatment-naive ccRCC patients subsequently treated with ICI (3 responders, 5 nonresponders). Unexpectedly, we identified decreased frequencies of CD8+ tumor-infiltrating T cells and TLS, and a decreased expression of PD-L1 in ICI responders when compared with nonresponders. However, neither tumor-specific genetic alterations nor gene expression profiles correlated with response to ICI or the observed immune features. Our results underline the challenge to stratify ccRCC patients for immunotherapy based on routinely available pathologic primary tumor material, even with advanced technologies. Our findings emphasize the analysis of pretreated metastatic tissue in line with recent observations describing treatment effects on the tumor microenvironment. In addition, our data call for further investigation of additional parameters in a larger ccRCC cohort to understand the mechanistic implications of the observed differences in tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells, TLS, and PD-L1 expression.