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An accurate method for locating the joint line during revision total knee arthroplasty: A radiologic study in the Chinese population


Gao, Zhenzhong; Mao, Xingjia; Xiang, Chuan; Gao, Yingjie; Zhang, Xiaopu; Guo, Zijian (2021). An accurate method for locating the joint line during revision total knee arthroplasty: A radiologic study in the Chinese population. The Knee, 29:510-519.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The systems for precisely locating the joint line during primary and revision total knee arthroplasty are still controversial, and they should be better evaluated in the Chinese population.

METHODS

A total of 451 standard anteroposterior knee radiographs from 451 healthy Chinese people (283 males and 168 females, the average age of 33.26 years, range 20-50 years) were included to measure the femoral width (FW) and the distances from the adductor tubercle (AT), the medial epicondyle (ME), the lateral epicondyle (LE), and the fibular head (FH) to the joint line (JL). Correlation between FW and distances from landmarks to the joint line was evaluated using Pearson correlation coefficient, and the ratios of ATJL, MEJL, LEJL, FHJL to FW were calculated.

RESULTS

The average distances from the AT, the ME, the LE, the FH to the JL were 49.4 ± 5.0 mm, 28.3 ± 3.1 mm, 26.9 ± 2.9 mm, 20.0 ± 4.0 mm, respectively. An excellent linear correlation was found between FW and the distance from AT to the joint line (R = 0.836, R$^{2}$ = 0.698); it was more reliable than the LE (R = 0.686, R$^{2}$ = 0.471) and the ME (R = 0.672, R$^{2}$ = 0.452). The average ratios of ATJL/FW, MEJL/FW, LEJL/FW were 0.553, 0.317, and 0.302, respectively. There were significant differences between our results and the studies based on the Western people.

CONCLUSION

The AT can be used as a reliable landmark to locate the JL precisely by the formula (ATJL = 0.548 × FW in males; ATJL = 0.562 × FW in females) in the Chinese population. The LE and ME can be the second choices. Moreover, it may be better to use ratios from the research based on the same race.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The systems for precisely locating the joint line during primary and revision total knee arthroplasty are still controversial, and they should be better evaluated in the Chinese population.

METHODS

A total of 451 standard anteroposterior knee radiographs from 451 healthy Chinese people (283 males and 168 females, the average age of 33.26 years, range 20-50 years) were included to measure the femoral width (FW) and the distances from the adductor tubercle (AT), the medial epicondyle (ME), the lateral epicondyle (LE), and the fibular head (FH) to the joint line (JL). Correlation between FW and distances from landmarks to the joint line was evaluated using Pearson correlation coefficient, and the ratios of ATJL, MEJL, LEJL, FHJL to FW were calculated.

RESULTS

The average distances from the AT, the ME, the LE, the FH to the JL were 49.4 ± 5.0 mm, 28.3 ± 3.1 mm, 26.9 ± 2.9 mm, 20.0 ± 4.0 mm, respectively. An excellent linear correlation was found between FW and the distance from AT to the joint line (R = 0.836, R$^{2}$ = 0.698); it was more reliable than the LE (R = 0.686, R$^{2}$ = 0.471) and the ME (R = 0.672, R$^{2}$ = 0.452). The average ratios of ATJL/FW, MEJL/FW, LEJL/FW were 0.553, 0.317, and 0.302, respectively. There were significant differences between our results and the studies based on the Western people.

CONCLUSION

The AT can be used as a reliable landmark to locate the JL precisely by the formula (ATJL = 0.548 × FW in males; ATJL = 0.562 × FW in females) in the Chinese population. The LE and ME can be the second choices. Moreover, it may be better to use ratios from the research based on the same race.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Intensive Care Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Language:English
Date:March 2021
Deposited On:14 Sep 2021 14:34
Last Modified:15 Sep 2021 20:00
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0968-0160
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2021.03.003
PubMed ID:33756261

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