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Keeping electoral peace? Activities of United Nations peacekeeping operations and their effects on election-related violence


Smidt, Hannah (2021). Keeping electoral peace? Activities of United Nations peacekeeping operations and their effects on election-related violence. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 38(5):580-604.

Abstract

In war-torn countries, elections are held to support peacebuilding, but they sometimes trigger new violence. While peacekeeping operations (PKOs) regularly accompany electoral periods, we lack systematic knowledge on how they influence election-related violence. I argue that variation in peacekeepers’ activities is fundamentally important: only if PKOs assist with securing and organizing elections can they reduce election-related violence. Using novel data on PKOs’ election-related activities and accounting for endogeneity in both peacekeeping deployment and activities, the analyses of all 630 elections in conflict-affected countries support this expectation. The result implies that the design of PKOs is crucial for effectively managing post-war political transitions.

Abstract

In war-torn countries, elections are held to support peacebuilding, but they sometimes trigger new violence. While peacekeeping operations (PKOs) regularly accompany electoral periods, we lack systematic knowledge on how they influence election-related violence. I argue that variation in peacekeepers’ activities is fundamentally important: only if PKOs assist with securing and organizing elections can they reduce election-related violence. Using novel data on PKOs’ election-related activities and accounting for endogeneity in both peacekeeping deployment and activities, the analyses of all 630 elections in conflict-affected countries support this expectation. The result implies that the design of PKOs is crucial for effectively managing post-war political transitions.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Political Science
Dewey Decimal Classification:320 Political science
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Economics and Econometrics
Social Sciences & Humanities > Political Science and International Relations
Uncontrolled Keywords:political science and international relations, economics and econometrics
Language:English
Date:September 2021
Deposited On:05 Oct 2021 12:01
Last Modified:26 Mar 2024 02:39
Publisher:Sage Publications
ISSN:0738-8942
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/0738894220960041