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Knowledge of healthcare professionals about poliomyelitis and postpoliomyelitis: a cross-sectional study


de Lira, Claudio Andre Barbosa; Santos, Douglas Assis Teles; Viana, Ricardo Borges; Guimarães, Juliana Moreira; Oliveira, Jéssica Nathalia Soares; Sousa, Bolivar Saldanha; de Santana, Marcos Gonçalves; Vancini, Rodrigo Luiz; Andrade, Marília Santos; Nikolaidis, Pantelis; Rosemann, Thomas; Knechtle, Beat (2021). Knowledge of healthcare professionals about poliomyelitis and postpoliomyelitis: a cross-sectional study. São Paulo medical journal = Revista paulista de medicina, 139(5):464-475.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Postpoliomyelitis syndrome is a clinical condition that can affect poliomyelitis survivors.

OBJECTIVE

Our aim was to evaluate knowledge of poliomyelitis and postpoliomyelitis syndrome among Brazilian healthcare professionals.

DESIGN AND SETTING

Cross-sectional study conducted at a Brazilian public higher education institution located in the state of Goiás.

METHODS

The participants (n = 578) were Brazilian physicians, physical therapists, nurses, nutritionists and psychologists. A self-administered questionnaire (30 questions) was designed to probe knowledge about poliomyelitis and postpoliomyelitis syndrome. From the questionnaire, we created a structured test to objectively evaluate the knowledge of these professionals. The test was composed of 20 questions and was scored over a range from 0 (totally ill-informed) to 20 (totally well-informed).

RESULTS

In general, the physicians, physical therapists and nurses demonstrated better understanding of poliomyelitis and postpoliomyelitis syndrome. The healthcare professionals who had received previous information about poliomyelitis and postpoliomyelitis syndrome had significantly higher scores than those who had never received information (P < 0.001). On average, this difference was approximately 28.6%.

CONCLUSIONS

The findings from the present study indicate that there is a critical need for improvement of knowledge about postpoliomyelitis syndrome among Brazilian healthcare professionals. The services provided by these professionals may therefore become compromised. Furthermore, public healthcare initiatives should be implemented to improve knowledge among healthcare professionals.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Postpoliomyelitis syndrome is a clinical condition that can affect poliomyelitis survivors.

OBJECTIVE

Our aim was to evaluate knowledge of poliomyelitis and postpoliomyelitis syndrome among Brazilian healthcare professionals.

DESIGN AND SETTING

Cross-sectional study conducted at a Brazilian public higher education institution located in the state of Goiás.

METHODS

The participants (n = 578) were Brazilian physicians, physical therapists, nurses, nutritionists and psychologists. A self-administered questionnaire (30 questions) was designed to probe knowledge about poliomyelitis and postpoliomyelitis syndrome. From the questionnaire, we created a structured test to objectively evaluate the knowledge of these professionals. The test was composed of 20 questions and was scored over a range from 0 (totally ill-informed) to 20 (totally well-informed).

RESULTS

In general, the physicians, physical therapists and nurses demonstrated better understanding of poliomyelitis and postpoliomyelitis syndrome. The healthcare professionals who had received previous information about poliomyelitis and postpoliomyelitis syndrome had significantly higher scores than those who had never received information (P < 0.001). On average, this difference was approximately 28.6%.

CONCLUSIONS

The findings from the present study indicate that there is a critical need for improvement of knowledge about postpoliomyelitis syndrome among Brazilian healthcare professionals. The services provided by these professionals may therefore become compromised. Furthermore, public healthcare initiatives should be implemented to improve knowledge among healthcare professionals.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of General Practice
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > General Medicine
Language:English
Date:2021
Deposited On:12 Oct 2021 14:38
Last Modified:25 Feb 2024 02:44
Publisher:Associacao Paulista de Medicina
ISSN:1516-3180
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-3180.2020.0617.16032021
PubMed ID:34378735
  • Content: Published Version
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)