Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Synthesis of coagulation factors during long-term ex situ liver perfusion


Abstract

Robust viability assessment of grafts during normothermic liver perfusion is a prerequisite for organ use. Coagulation parameters are used commonly for liver assessment in patients. However, they are not yet included in viability assessment during ex situ perfusion. In this study, we analysed coagulation parameters during one week ex situ perfusion at 34℃. Eight discarded human livers were perfused with blood-based, heparinised perfusate for one week; perfusions in a further four livers were terminated on day 4 due to massive ongoing cell death. Coagulation parameters were well below the physiologic range at perfusion start. Physiologic levels were achieved within the first two perfusion days for factor V (68.5 ± 35.5%), factor VII (83.5 ± 26.2%), fibrinogen (2.1 ± 0.4 g/L) and antithrombin (107 ± 26.5%) in the livers perfused for one week. Despite the increased production of coagulation factors, INR was detectable only at 24h of perfusion (2.1 ± 0.3) and prolonged thereafter (INR > 9). The prolongation of INR was related to the high heparin level in the perfusate (anti-FXa > 3 U/mL). Intriguingly, livers with ongoing massive cell death also disclosed synthesis of factor V and improved INR. In summary, perfused livers were able to produce coagulation factors at a physiological level ex situ. We propose that single coagulation factor analysis is more reliable for assessing the synthetic function of perfused livers as compared to INR when using a heparinised perfusate.

Abstract

Robust viability assessment of grafts during normothermic liver perfusion is a prerequisite for organ use. Coagulation parameters are used commonly for liver assessment in patients. However, they are not yet included in viability assessment during ex situ perfusion. In this study, we analysed coagulation parameters during one week ex situ perfusion at 34℃. Eight discarded human livers were perfused with blood-based, heparinised perfusate for one week; perfusions in a further four livers were terminated on day 4 due to massive ongoing cell death. Coagulation parameters were well below the physiologic range at perfusion start. Physiologic levels were achieved within the first two perfusion days for factor V (68.5 ± 35.5%), factor VII (83.5 ± 26.2%), fibrinogen (2.1 ± 0.4 g/L) and antithrombin (107 ± 26.5%) in the livers perfused for one week. Despite the increased production of coagulation factors, INR was detectable only at 24h of perfusion (2.1 ± 0.3) and prolonged thereafter (INR > 9). The prolongation of INR was related to the high heparin level in the perfusate (anti-FXa > 3 U/mL). Intriguingly, livers with ongoing massive cell death also disclosed synthesis of factor V and improved INR. In summary, perfused livers were able to produce coagulation factors at a physiological level ex situ. We propose that single coagulation factor analysis is more reliable for assessing the synthetic function of perfused livers as compared to INR when using a heparinised perfusate.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
6 citations in Web of Science®
5 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Oncology and Hematology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Visceral and Transplantation Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Bioengineering
Health Sciences > Medicine (miscellaneous)
Physical Sciences > Biomaterials
Physical Sciences > Biomedical Engineering
Language:English
Date:1 February 2022
Deposited On:14 Oct 2021 09:22
Last Modified:25 Feb 2024 02:45
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0160-564X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/aor.14041
PubMed ID:34287985
Full text not available from this repository.