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Single DNase or Proteinase Treatment Induces Change in Composition and Structural Integrity of Multispecies Oral Biofilms


Karygianni, Lamprini; Paqué, Pune N; Attin, Thomas; Thurnheer, Thomas (2021). Single DNase or Proteinase Treatment Induces Change in Composition and Structural Integrity of Multispecies Oral Biofilms. Antibiotics, 10(4):400.

Abstract

Biofilm virulence is mainly based on its bacterial cell surrounding biofilm matrix, which contains a scaffold of exopolysaccharides, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. Targeting these nucleid acids or proteins could enable an efficient biofilm control. Therefore, the study aimed to test the effect of deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) and proteinase K on oral biofilms. Six-species biofilms (Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus oralis, Actinomyces oris, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Veillonella dispar, and Candida albicans) were exposed to DNase I (0.001 mg/mL, 0.002 mg/mL) or proteinase K (0.05 mg/mL, 0.1 mg/mL) for 1 h during biofilm formation. After 64 h, biofilms were harvested, quantified by culture analysis and visualized by image analysis using CLSM (confocal laser scanning microscopy). Statistical analysis was performed by ANOVA, followed by the Tukey test at a 5% significance level. The biofilm treatment with proteinase K induced a significant increase of Logs10 counts in S. mutans and a decrease in C. albicans, while biofilm thickness was reduced from 28.5 μm (control) to 9.07 μm (0.05 mg/mL) and 7.4 μm (0.1 mg/mL). Treatment with DNase I had no effect on the total bacterial growth within the biofilm. Targeting proteins of biofilms by proteinase K are promising adjunctive tool for biofilm control.

Abstract

Biofilm virulence is mainly based on its bacterial cell surrounding biofilm matrix, which contains a scaffold of exopolysaccharides, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. Targeting these nucleid acids or proteins could enable an efficient biofilm control. Therefore, the study aimed to test the effect of deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) and proteinase K on oral biofilms. Six-species biofilms (Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus oralis, Actinomyces oris, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Veillonella dispar, and Candida albicans) were exposed to DNase I (0.001 mg/mL, 0.002 mg/mL) or proteinase K (0.05 mg/mL, 0.1 mg/mL) for 1 h during biofilm formation. After 64 h, biofilms were harvested, quantified by culture analysis and visualized by image analysis using CLSM (confocal laser scanning microscopy). Statistical analysis was performed by ANOVA, followed by the Tukey test at a 5% significance level. The biofilm treatment with proteinase K induced a significant increase of Logs10 counts in S. mutans and a decrease in C. albicans, while biofilm thickness was reduced from 28.5 μm (control) to 9.07 μm (0.05 mg/mL) and 7.4 μm (0.1 mg/mL). Treatment with DNase I had no effect on the total bacterial growth within the biofilm. Targeting proteins of biofilms by proteinase K are promising adjunctive tool for biofilm control.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic of Conservative and Preventive Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Microbiology
Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Life Sciences > General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Health Sciences > Microbiology (medical)
Health Sciences > Infectious Diseases
Health Sciences > Pharmacology (medical)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pharmacology (medical), Infectious Diseases, Microbiology (medical), General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics, Biochemistry, Microbiology
Language:English
Date:7 April 2021
Deposited On:14 Oct 2021 09:35
Last Modified:25 Jun 2024 01:45
Publisher:MDPI Publishing
ISSN:2079-6382
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10040400
PubMed ID:33917114
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)