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Changes in alanine aminotransferase levels after switching from tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) to tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) in HIV-positive people without viral hepatitis in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study


Kovari, H; Surial, B; Tarr, P E; Cavassini, M; Calmy, A; Schmid, P; Bernasconi, E; Rauch, A; Wandeler, G; Ledergerber, B; Swiss HIV Cohort Study (2021). Changes in alanine aminotransferase levels after switching from tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) to tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) in HIV-positive people without viral hepatitis in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study. HIV Medicine, 22(7):623-628.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

We previously demonstrated an association between tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and chronic liver enzyme elevation in the D:A:D study. The objective of the study was to assess changes in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels after switching from TDF to tenofovir alafenamide (TAF).

METHODS

We included Swiss HIV Cohort Study participants who switched from TDF to TAF with two or more ALT values in the 24 months before and two or more values in the 24 months after replacing TDF with TAF. Individuals with replicating viral hepatitis were excluded. Uni- and multivariable linear mixed models were used to explore changes in ALT values associated with switching from TDF to TAF, and to assess potential modifying effects.

RESULTS

A total of 1712 participants were included, contributing 6169 ALT values before and 5482 after switching. Median (interquartile range, IQR) age was 50 (42-57) years, and 75% were male. Median (IQR) ALT was 28 (22-38) U/L before and 24 (19-32) U/L after replacing TDF with TAF. ALT values decreased by 3.7 U/L (95% confidence interval: 3.2-4.2) after the switch. The median drop was larger in patients with chronic ALT elevation (defined as two or more elevated values for ≥ 6 months) compared with patients with normal ALT values (17.8 vs. 3.3 U/L, P < 0.001). We did not identify any major effect modifications of the ALT change with any of the potential variables studied.

CONCLUSIONS

Replacing TDF with TAF in HIV-monoinfected people led to a significant decrease in ALT values. Findings were not significantly affected by known risk factors for hepatotoxicity.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

We previously demonstrated an association between tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and chronic liver enzyme elevation in the D:A:D study. The objective of the study was to assess changes in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels after switching from TDF to tenofovir alafenamide (TAF).

METHODS

We included Swiss HIV Cohort Study participants who switched from TDF to TAF with two or more ALT values in the 24 months before and two or more values in the 24 months after replacing TDF with TAF. Individuals with replicating viral hepatitis were excluded. Uni- and multivariable linear mixed models were used to explore changes in ALT values associated with switching from TDF to TAF, and to assess potential modifying effects.

RESULTS

A total of 1712 participants were included, contributing 6169 ALT values before and 5482 after switching. Median (interquartile range, IQR) age was 50 (42-57) years, and 75% were male. Median (IQR) ALT was 28 (22-38) U/L before and 24 (19-32) U/L after replacing TDF with TAF. ALT values decreased by 3.7 U/L (95% confidence interval: 3.2-4.2) after the switch. The median drop was larger in patients with chronic ALT elevation (defined as two or more elevated values for ≥ 6 months) compared with patients with normal ALT values (17.8 vs. 3.3 U/L, P < 0.001). We did not identify any major effect modifications of the ALT change with any of the potential variables studied.

CONCLUSIONS

Replacing TDF with TAF in HIV-monoinfected people led to a significant decrease in ALT values. Findings were not significantly affected by known risk factors for hepatotoxicity.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Health Policy
Health Sciences > Infectious Diseases
Health Sciences > Pharmacology (medical)
Language:English
Date:22 August 2021
Deposited On:14 Oct 2021 09:45
Last Modified:25 Feb 2024 02:45
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1464-2662
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/hiv.13106
PubMed ID:33880839
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