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The real type and ideal type of transdisciplinary processes: part I—theoretical foundations


Scholz, Roland W; Steiner, Gerald (2015). The real type and ideal type of transdisciplinary processes: part I—theoretical foundations. Sustainability Science, 10(4):527-544.

Abstract

Transdisciplinarity integrates or relates different epistemics from science and practice (Mode 2 transdisciplinarity) or from branches of disciplines if interdisciplinary integration is impossible (Mode 1 transdisciplinarity). The paper explains, based on an analysis of the historical development of the Mode 2 transdisciplinarity concept, how transdisciplinary processes link interdisciplinary applied research and multi-stakeholder discourses by facilitating methods. We elaborate on what type of problems may be managed using what knowledge, how this might be accomplished, what types of objectives are desired, and by what organizational means. Thus the paper presents ontology, epistemology, methodology, functionality, and organization of an ideal type of transdisciplinary process. Socially robust orientations are the expected outcomes of this process. These orientations provide science-based, state-of-the-art, socially accepted options of solutions which acknowledge uncertainties and the incompleteness of different forms of epistemics (i.e., of knowing or thought), in particular within the sustainable transitioning of complex real-world problems.

Abstract

Transdisciplinarity integrates or relates different epistemics from science and practice (Mode 2 transdisciplinarity) or from branches of disciplines if interdisciplinary integration is impossible (Mode 1 transdisciplinarity). The paper explains, based on an analysis of the historical development of the Mode 2 transdisciplinarity concept, how transdisciplinary processes link interdisciplinary applied research and multi-stakeholder discourses by facilitating methods. We elaborate on what type of problems may be managed using what knowledge, how this might be accomplished, what types of objectives are desired, and by what organizational means. Thus the paper presents ontology, epistemology, methodology, functionality, and organization of an ideal type of transdisciplinary process. Socially robust orientations are the expected outcomes of this process. These orientations provide science-based, state-of-the-art, socially accepted options of solutions which acknowledge uncertainties and the incompleteness of different forms of epistemics (i.e., of knowing or thought), in particular within the sustainable transitioning of complex real-world problems.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, not_refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:National licences > 142-005
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Global and Planetary Change
Social Sciences & Humanities > Health (social science)
Social Sciences & Humanities > Geography, Planning and Development
Physical Sciences > Ecology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Sociology and Political Science
Physical Sciences > Nature and Landscape Conservation
Physical Sciences > Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Uncontrolled Keywords:Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law, Nature and Landscape Conservation, Sociology and Political Science, Ecology, Geography, Planning and Development, Health(social science), Global and Planetary Change
Language:English
Date:1 October 2015
Deposited On:19 Oct 2021 15:12
Last Modified:25 Jun 2024 01:45
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1862-4057
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11625-015-0326-4
Related URLs:https://www.zora.uzh.ch/id/eprint/207623/
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Description: Nationallizenz 142-005