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Congenital kyphosis due to a body agenesis from Ancient Egypt


Isidro, Albert; Diez-Santacoloma, Ivan; Loscos, Sergio; Seiler, Roger (2022). Congenital kyphosis due to a body agenesis from Ancient Egypt. Spine Deformity, 10(1):197-199.

Abstract

In Paleopathology, total lack of a vertebral body is a rare finding, mostly due to infectious diseases or tumors. We report the case of an adult male from the necropolis next to “Temple of the Millions of Years” of Thutmose III dated to the Late Old Kingdom and First Intermediate Period (2345–2055 BCE). He showed a fracture of T12, more than 50%, associated with the complete disappearance of the body of L1 and bilateral transverse process. Infection and tumor involvement were ruled out due to the morphology of the spinal segment. The most likely diagnosis was complete body agenesis. Congenital kyphosis related to vertebral agenesis has been described as a possibility in paleopathology, but it had not been reported until now.

Abstract

In Paleopathology, total lack of a vertebral body is a rare finding, mostly due to infectious diseases or tumors. We report the case of an adult male from the necropolis next to “Temple of the Millions of Years” of Thutmose III dated to the Late Old Kingdom and First Intermediate Period (2345–2055 BCE). He showed a fracture of T12, more than 50%, associated with the complete disappearance of the body of L1 and bilateral transverse process. Infection and tumor involvement were ruled out due to the morphology of the spinal segment. The most likely diagnosis was complete body agenesis. Congenital kyphosis related to vertebral agenesis has been described as a possibility in paleopathology, but it had not been reported until now.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Evolutionary Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords:Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Language:English
Date:1 January 2022
Deposited On:18 Oct 2021 14:19
Last Modified:25 Jun 2024 01:45
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:2212-134X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s43390-021-00391-7
PubMed ID:34499331
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