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Silicone Nanofilament Support Layers in an Open-Channel System for the Fast Reduction of Para-Nitrophenol


Naef, Noah U; Seeger, Stefan (2021). Silicone Nanofilament Support Layers in an Open-Channel System for the Fast Reduction of Para-Nitrophenol. Nanomaterials, 11(7):1663.

Abstract

Chemical vapor phase deposition was used to create hydrophobic nanostructured surfaces on glass slides. Subsequently, hydrophilic channels were created by sputtering a metal catalyst on the channels while masking the outside. The surface tension gradient between the hydrophilic surface in the channels and the outside hydrophobicity formed the open-channel system. The reduction of para-nitrophenol (PNP) was studied on these devices. When compared to nanostructure-free reference systems, the created nanostructures, namely, silicone nanofilaments (SNFs) and nano-bagels, had superior catalytic performance (73% and 66% conversion to 55% at 0.5 µL/s flow rate using 20 nm platinum) and wall integrity; therefore, they could be readily used multiple times. The created nanostructures were stable under the reaction conditions, as observed with scanning electron microscopy. Transition electron microscopy studies of platinum-modified SNFs revealed that the catalyst is present as nanoparticles ranging up to 13 nm in size. By changing the target in the sputter coating unit, molybdenum, gold, nickel and copper were evaluated for their catalytic efficiency. The relative order was platinum < gold = molybdenum < nickel < copper. The decomposition of sodium borohydride (NaBH4) by platinum as a concurrent reaction to the para-nitrophenol reduction terminates the reaction before completion, despite a large excess of reducing agent. Gold had the same catalytic rate as molybdenum, while nickel was two times and copper about four times faster than gold. In all cases, there was a clear improvement in catalysis of silicone nanofilaments compared to a flat reference system.
Keywords: nanomaterials; open channel; catalysis

Abstract

Chemical vapor phase deposition was used to create hydrophobic nanostructured surfaces on glass slides. Subsequently, hydrophilic channels were created by sputtering a metal catalyst on the channels while masking the outside. The surface tension gradient between the hydrophilic surface in the channels and the outside hydrophobicity formed the open-channel system. The reduction of para-nitrophenol (PNP) was studied on these devices. When compared to nanostructure-free reference systems, the created nanostructures, namely, silicone nanofilaments (SNFs) and nano-bagels, had superior catalytic performance (73% and 66% conversion to 55% at 0.5 µL/s flow rate using 20 nm platinum) and wall integrity; therefore, they could be readily used multiple times. The created nanostructures were stable under the reaction conditions, as observed with scanning electron microscopy. Transition electron microscopy studies of platinum-modified SNFs revealed that the catalyst is present as nanoparticles ranging up to 13 nm in size. By changing the target in the sputter coating unit, molybdenum, gold, nickel and copper were evaluated for their catalytic efficiency. The relative order was platinum < gold = molybdenum < nickel < copper. The decomposition of sodium borohydride (NaBH4) by platinum as a concurrent reaction to the para-nitrophenol reduction terminates the reaction before completion, despite a large excess of reducing agent. Gold had the same catalytic rate as molybdenum, while nickel was two times and copper about four times faster than gold. In all cases, there was a clear improvement in catalysis of silicone nanofilaments compared to a flat reference system.
Keywords: nanomaterials; open channel; catalysis

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > General Chemical Engineering
Physical Sciences > General Materials Science
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Materials Science, General Chemical Engineering
Language:English
Date:24 June 2021
Deposited On:21 Oct 2021 13:17
Last Modified:22 Oct 2021 20:01
Publisher:MDPI Publishing
ISSN:2079-4991
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11071663

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