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Combination of enamel matrix derivative and hyaluronic acid inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory response on human epithelial and bone cells


Ramenzoni, Liza L; Annasohn, Laura; Miron, Richard J; Attin, Thomas; Schmidlin, Patrick R (2022). Combination of enamel matrix derivative and hyaluronic acid inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory response on human epithelial and bone cells. Clinical Oral Investigations, 26(2):1773-1783.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES
The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro effect of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) and hyaluronic acid (HA) and their synergistic combination on lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced inflammation in human keratinocytes and osteoblasts.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
Cells were challenged with LPS (1 μg/ml) and cultured in the following treatment groups with EMD (30 mg/ml) and HA (30 mg/ml): LPS, EMD, HA, EMD + HA, EMD + LPS, HA + LPS, and EMD + HA + LPS. Cell viability, inflammatory cytokine expression, and cell migration were determined using colorimetric assay, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and scratch wound healing assay, respectively.
RESULTS
Cell viability was decreased when exposed to LPS compared to the controls. Overall, LPS treatment expressed upregulation on inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β), and interleukin 6 (IL-6). EMD and HA reduced up to 3.0-fold the cytokine expression caused by LPS (p < 0.05). EMD and HA statistically induced higher migration in osteoblasts and keratinocytes, respectively. Migration was impaired by LPS, whereas it significantly increased after addition of EMD and HA.
CONCLUSIONS
EMD and HA are advantageous biomaterials that individually generate strong directional migratory keratinocyte and osteoblast response. Their combination also enhances cell viability, and anti-inflammatory and migratory abilities to promote healing specially under LPS inflammatory stimulus. Future in vivo and animal research is necessary to further characterize the effect of EMD and HA on periodontal regeneration.
CLINICAL RELEVANCE
The use of EMD in conjunction with HA resulted in a reduction of inflammation and improvement of tissue healing at wound sites. Both biomaterials combined may potentially improve the effectiveness of bone regeneration in periodontal bone defects, pointing to the potential clinical relevance of both materials in regenerative periodontal surgery.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES
The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro effect of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) and hyaluronic acid (HA) and their synergistic combination on lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced inflammation in human keratinocytes and osteoblasts.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
Cells were challenged with LPS (1 μg/ml) and cultured in the following treatment groups with EMD (30 mg/ml) and HA (30 mg/ml): LPS, EMD, HA, EMD + HA, EMD + LPS, HA + LPS, and EMD + HA + LPS. Cell viability, inflammatory cytokine expression, and cell migration were determined using colorimetric assay, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and scratch wound healing assay, respectively.
RESULTS
Cell viability was decreased when exposed to LPS compared to the controls. Overall, LPS treatment expressed upregulation on inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β), and interleukin 6 (IL-6). EMD and HA reduced up to 3.0-fold the cytokine expression caused by LPS (p < 0.05). EMD and HA statistically induced higher migration in osteoblasts and keratinocytes, respectively. Migration was impaired by LPS, whereas it significantly increased after addition of EMD and HA.
CONCLUSIONS
EMD and HA are advantageous biomaterials that individually generate strong directional migratory keratinocyte and osteoblast response. Their combination also enhances cell viability, and anti-inflammatory and migratory abilities to promote healing specially under LPS inflammatory stimulus. Future in vivo and animal research is necessary to further characterize the effect of EMD and HA on periodontal regeneration.
CLINICAL RELEVANCE
The use of EMD in conjunction with HA resulted in a reduction of inflammation and improvement of tissue healing at wound sites. Both biomaterials combined may potentially improve the effectiveness of bone regeneration in periodontal bone defects, pointing to the potential clinical relevance of both materials in regenerative periodontal surgery.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic of Conservative and Preventive Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > General Dentistry
Language:English
Date:1 February 2022
Deposited On:28 Oct 2021 09:53
Last Modified:26 May 2024 01:46
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1432-6981
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00784-021-04152-8
PubMed ID:34460002
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)