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Optimized procedures for testing plasma metanephrines in patients on hemodialysis


Abstract

Diagnosis of pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas in patients receiving hemodialysis is troublesome. The aim of the study was to establish optimal conditions for blood sampling for mass spectrometric measurements of normetanephrine, metanephrine and 3-methoxytyramine in patients on hemodialysis and specific reference intervals for plasma metanephrines under the most optimal sampling conditions. Blood was sampled before and near the end of dialysis, including different sampling sites in 170 patients on hemodialysis. Plasma normetanephrine concentrations were lower (P < 0.0001) and metanephrine concentrations higher (P < 0.0001) in shunt than in venous blood, with no differences for 3-methoxytyramine. Normetanephrine, metanephrine and 3-methoxytyramine concentrations in shunt and venous blood were lower (P < 0.0001) near the end than before hemodialysis. Upper cut-offs for normetanephrine were 34% lower when the blood was drawn from the shunt and near the end of hemodialysis compared to blood drawn before hemodialysis. This study establishes optimal sampling conditions using blood from the dialysis shunt near the end of hemodialysis with optimal reference intervals for plasma metanephrines for the diagnosis of pheochromocytomas/paragangliomas among patients on hemodialysis.

Abstract

Diagnosis of pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas in patients receiving hemodialysis is troublesome. The aim of the study was to establish optimal conditions for blood sampling for mass spectrometric measurements of normetanephrine, metanephrine and 3-methoxytyramine in patients on hemodialysis and specific reference intervals for plasma metanephrines under the most optimal sampling conditions. Blood was sampled before and near the end of dialysis, including different sampling sites in 170 patients on hemodialysis. Plasma normetanephrine concentrations were lower (P < 0.0001) and metanephrine concentrations higher (P < 0.0001) in shunt than in venous blood, with no differences for 3-methoxytyramine. Normetanephrine, metanephrine and 3-methoxytyramine concentrations in shunt and venous blood were lower (P < 0.0001) near the end than before hemodialysis. Upper cut-offs for normetanephrine were 34% lower when the blood was drawn from the shunt and near the end of hemodialysis compared to blood drawn before hemodialysis. This study establishes optimal sampling conditions using blood from the dialysis shunt near the end of hemodialysis with optimal reference intervals for plasma metanephrines for the diagnosis of pheochromocytomas/paragangliomas among patients on hemodialysis.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Endocrinology and Diabetology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Multidisciplinary
Language:English
Date:19 July 2021
Deposited On:01 Nov 2021 09:54
Last Modified:25 Jun 2024 01:46
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2045-2322
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-94104-9
PubMed ID:34282182
  • Content: Published Version
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)