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MMP9 expression in intestinal fistula from patients with fistulizing CD and from human xenograft mouse model


Mamie, Céline; Bruckner, Ramona S; Lang, Silvia; Shpigel, Nahum Y; Turina, Matthias; Rickenbacher, Andreas; Cabalzar-Wondberg, Daniela; Chvatchko, Yolanda; Rogler, Gerhard; Scharl, Michael (2022). MMP9 expression in intestinal fistula from patients with fistulizing CD and from human xenograft mouse model. Tissue Barriers, 10(2):1994350.

Abstract

Fistula treatment represents a major unmet medical need in the therapy of Crohn's disease (CD). Current medical therapies, such as anti-TNF antibody treatments, are often insufficient and do not achieve permanent fistula closure. Previously published data point toward a critical role for metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9)/gelatinase B in fistula pathogenesis. The aim of this project was to investigate in detail MMP-9 expression in different fistula types and to confirm that MMP-9 is a potential target for fistula therapy in CD patients.Immunohistochemistry for total and active MMP-9, Cytokeratin 8 (CK-8) and co-staining of active MMP-9/CK-8 was performed in specimen derived from perianal fistulas, entero-enteric fistulas and fistulas from patients not responding to anti-TNF therapy. In addition, fistulas from the xenograft mouse model (anti-TNF treated or untreated) were analyzed.Total and active MMP-9 protein was detectable in cells lining the tracts of perianal and entero-enteric fistulas. Of note, total and active MMP-9 was also expressed in fistulas of CD patients non-responding to anti-TNF treatment. Interestingly, we detected considerable co-staining of active MMP-9 and CK-8 in particular in cells lining the fistula tract and in transitional cells around the fistulas. Furthermore, total and active MMP-9 are detectable in both anti-TNF treated and untreated xenograft fistulas.Taken together, our data suggest that MMP-9 is involved in fistula pathogenesis in CD patients, in fistulas of different origins and particularly in patients non-responding to anti-TNF therapy. Our xenograft fistula model is suitable for in vivo studies investigating a possible therapeutic role for MMP-9 targeting as fistula therapy.

Abstract

Fistula treatment represents a major unmet medical need in the therapy of Crohn's disease (CD). Current medical therapies, such as anti-TNF antibody treatments, are often insufficient and do not achieve permanent fistula closure. Previously published data point toward a critical role for metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9)/gelatinase B in fistula pathogenesis. The aim of this project was to investigate in detail MMP-9 expression in different fistula types and to confirm that MMP-9 is a potential target for fistula therapy in CD patients.Immunohistochemistry for total and active MMP-9, Cytokeratin 8 (CK-8) and co-staining of active MMP-9/CK-8 was performed in specimen derived from perianal fistulas, entero-enteric fistulas and fistulas from patients not responding to anti-TNF therapy. In addition, fistulas from the xenograft mouse model (anti-TNF treated or untreated) were analyzed.Total and active MMP-9 protein was detectable in cells lining the tracts of perianal and entero-enteric fistulas. Of note, total and active MMP-9 was also expressed in fistulas of CD patients non-responding to anti-TNF treatment. Interestingly, we detected considerable co-staining of active MMP-9 and CK-8 in particular in cells lining the fistula tract and in transitional cells around the fistulas. Furthermore, total and active MMP-9 are detectable in both anti-TNF treated and untreated xenograft fistulas.Taken together, our data suggest that MMP-9 is involved in fistula pathogenesis in CD patients, in fistulas of different origins and particularly in patients non-responding to anti-TNF therapy. Our xenograft fistula model is suitable for in vivo studies investigating a possible therapeutic role for MMP-9 targeting as fistula therapy.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Visceral and Transplantation Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Health Sciences > Histology
Life Sciences > Cell Biology
Language:English
Date:3 April 2022
Deposited On:08 Nov 2021 07:48
Last Modified:25 Jun 2024 01:47
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:2168-8362
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/21688370.2021.1994350
PubMed ID:34709129
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