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Primary Localized Cutaneous Amyloidosis: A Retrospective Study of an Uncommon Skin Disease in the Largest Tertiary Care Center in Switzerland


Guillet, Carole; Steinmann, Simona; Maul, Julia-Tatjana; Kolm, Isabel (2022). Primary Localized Cutaneous Amyloidosis: A Retrospective Study of an Uncommon Skin Disease in the Largest Tertiary Care Center in Switzerland. Dermatology, 238(3):579-586.

Abstract

Background: Primary localized cutaneous amyloidosis (PLCA) is defined by the deposition of amyloid protein in the skin without systemic involvement. There are four subtypes of PLCA: lichen amyloidosis (LA), macular amyloidosis (MA), biphasic amyloidosis (BA), and nodular amyloidosis (NA). PLCA occurs most frequently in Latin Americans and Asians. Treatment is not standardized. Objectives: To identify subtypes, demographic and clinical features and treatment efficacy in patients with histopathologically confirmed PLCA. Materials and Methods: Data of PLCA patients were extracted from the electronic hospital database and included if diagnosis of PLCA was histopathologically confirmed and if sufficient information regarding treatment and follow-up was available. The evaluation of the treatment efficacy was based on a novel score to assess the reduction of itch and skin lesions. Results: In this retrospective, monocentric study, 37 cases of PLCA diagnosed between 2000 and 2020 were included (21 females) with a mean age of 52 years. LA was the most frequent subtype found in 21 patients (56.8%), followed by MA in 10 patients (28%) and BA in 6 patients (16.2%). No cases of NA were included. 22 patients (59.4%) had skin phototype II or III. Regarding treatment, a combination of UVA1 phototherapy with high-potency topical corticosteroids seemed to show the highest efficacy with complete clearance of symptoms in 4 patients (10.8%). A substantial improvement of symptoms was found in 5 patients (12.7%) treated with high-potency topical corticosteroids alone or in combination either with UVA1 or bath PUVA or monotherapy with UVA1 phototherapy or capsaicin (0.075%) cream. Low-/medium-potency topical corticosteroids alone or in combination with UVBnb (311 nm) phototherapy showed a lower efficacy. Conclusion: Our data show that PCLA is a rare disease in central Europe but can also be expected in a predominantly Caucasian population. The best treatment response was achieved with a combination of UVA1 phototherapy and high-potency topical corticosteroids.

Abstract

Background: Primary localized cutaneous amyloidosis (PLCA) is defined by the deposition of amyloid protein in the skin without systemic involvement. There are four subtypes of PLCA: lichen amyloidosis (LA), macular amyloidosis (MA), biphasic amyloidosis (BA), and nodular amyloidosis (NA). PLCA occurs most frequently in Latin Americans and Asians. Treatment is not standardized. Objectives: To identify subtypes, demographic and clinical features and treatment efficacy in patients with histopathologically confirmed PLCA. Materials and Methods: Data of PLCA patients were extracted from the electronic hospital database and included if diagnosis of PLCA was histopathologically confirmed and if sufficient information regarding treatment and follow-up was available. The evaluation of the treatment efficacy was based on a novel score to assess the reduction of itch and skin lesions. Results: In this retrospective, monocentric study, 37 cases of PLCA diagnosed between 2000 and 2020 were included (21 females) with a mean age of 52 years. LA was the most frequent subtype found in 21 patients (56.8%), followed by MA in 10 patients (28%) and BA in 6 patients (16.2%). No cases of NA were included. 22 patients (59.4%) had skin phototype II or III. Regarding treatment, a combination of UVA1 phototherapy with high-potency topical corticosteroids seemed to show the highest efficacy with complete clearance of symptoms in 4 patients (10.8%). A substantial improvement of symptoms was found in 5 patients (12.7%) treated with high-potency topical corticosteroids alone or in combination either with UVA1 or bath PUVA or monotherapy with UVA1 phototherapy or capsaicin (0.075%) cream. Low-/medium-potency topical corticosteroids alone or in combination with UVBnb (311 nm) phototherapy showed a lower efficacy. Conclusion: Our data show that PCLA is a rare disease in central Europe but can also be expected in a predominantly Caucasian population. The best treatment response was achieved with a combination of UVA1 phototherapy and high-potency topical corticosteroids.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Dermatology
Uncontrolled Keywords:Dermatology
Language:English
Date:1 January 2022
Deposited On:30 Nov 2021 12:24
Last Modified:26 Jun 2024 01:44
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:1018-8665
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000518948
PubMed ID:34525472
  • Content: Published Version
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)