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A morphological evaluation of botulinum neurotoxin A injections into the detrusor muscle using magnetic resonance imaging


Mehnert, U; Boy, S; Schmid, M; Reitz, A; von Hessling, A; Hodler, J; Schurch, B (2009). A morphological evaluation of botulinum neurotoxin A injections into the detrusor muscle using magnetic resonance imaging. World Journal of Urology, 27(3):397-403.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Although botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A) intradetrusor injections are a recommended therapy for neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO), refractory to antimuscarinic drugs, a standardisation of injection technique is missing. Furthermore, some basic questions are still unanswered, as where the toxin solution exactly spreads after injection. Therefore, we investigated the distribution of the toxin solution after injection into the bladder wall, using magnet resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Six patients with NDO were recruited. Three of six patients received 300 U of BoNT/A + contrast agent distributed over 30 injection sites (group 1). The other three patients received 300 U of BoNT/A + contrast agent distributed over 10 injection sites (group 2). Immediately after injection, MRI of the pelvis was performed. The volume of the detrusor and the total volume of contrast medium inside and outside the bladder wall were calculated. RESULTS: In all patients, a small volume (mean 17.6%) was found at the lateral aspects of the bladder dome in the extraperitoneal fat tissue, whereas 82.4% of the injected volume reached the target area (detrusor). In both groups there was a similar distribution of the contrast medium in the target area. A mean of 33.3 and 25.3% of the total detrusor volume was covered in group 1 and 2, respectively. Six weeks after injection, five of six patients were continent and showed no detrusor overactivity in the urodynamic follow-up. No systemic side effects were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide morphological arguments that the currently used injection techniques are appropriate and safe.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Although botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A) intradetrusor injections are a recommended therapy for neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO), refractory to antimuscarinic drugs, a standardisation of injection technique is missing. Furthermore, some basic questions are still unanswered, as where the toxin solution exactly spreads after injection. Therefore, we investigated the distribution of the toxin solution after injection into the bladder wall, using magnet resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Six patients with NDO were recruited. Three of six patients received 300 U of BoNT/A + contrast agent distributed over 30 injection sites (group 1). The other three patients received 300 U of BoNT/A + contrast agent distributed over 10 injection sites (group 2). Immediately after injection, MRI of the pelvis was performed. The volume of the detrusor and the total volume of contrast medium inside and outside the bladder wall were calculated. RESULTS: In all patients, a small volume (mean 17.6%) was found at the lateral aspects of the bladder dome in the extraperitoneal fat tissue, whereas 82.4% of the injected volume reached the target area (detrusor). In both groups there was a similar distribution of the contrast medium in the target area. A mean of 33.3 and 25.3% of the total detrusor volume was covered in group 1 and 2, respectively. Six weeks after injection, five of six patients were continent and showed no detrusor overactivity in the urodynamic follow-up. No systemic side effects were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide morphological arguments that the currently used injection techniques are appropriate and safe.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:June 2009
Deposited On:30 Sep 2009 09:54
Last Modified:19 Sep 2018 11:27
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0724-4983
Additional Information:The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00345-008-0362-0
PubMed ID:19145439

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