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Monocyte Subsets in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure Treated with Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy


Abstract

Background: The exact role of individual inflammatory factor in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) remains elusive. The study aimed to evaluate three monocyte subsets (classical-CD14++CD16−, intermediate-CD14++CD16+, and nonclassical-CD14+CD16++) in HFrEF patients and to assess the effect of the cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on the changes in monocyte compartment. Methods: The study included 85 patients with stable HFrEF. Twenty-five of them underwent CRT device implantation with subsequent 6-month assessment. The control group consisted of 23 volunteers without HFrEF. Results: The analysis revealed that frequencies of non-classical-CD14+CD16++ monocytes were lower in HFrEF patients compared to the control group (6.98 IQR: 4.95–8.65 vs. 8.37 IQR: 6.47–9.94; p = 0.021), while CD14++CD16+ and CD14++CD16− did not differ. The analysis effect of CRT on the frequency of analysed monocyte subsets 6 months after CRT device implantation showed a significant increase in CD14+CD16++ (from 7 IQR: 4.5–8.4 to 7.9 IQR: 6.5–9.5; p = 0.042) and CD14++CD16+ (from 5.1 IQR: 3.7–6.5 to 6.8 IQR: 5.4–7.4; p = 0.017) monocytes, while the frequency of steady-state CD14++CD16− monocytes was decreased (from 81.4 IQR: 78–86.2 to 78.2 IQR: 76.1–81.7; p = 0.003). Conclusions: HFrEF patients present altered monocyte composition. CRT-related changes in the monocyte compartment achieve levels observed in controls without HFrEF.

Abstract

Background: The exact role of individual inflammatory factor in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) remains elusive. The study aimed to evaluate three monocyte subsets (classical-CD14++CD16−, intermediate-CD14++CD16+, and nonclassical-CD14+CD16++) in HFrEF patients and to assess the effect of the cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on the changes in monocyte compartment. Methods: The study included 85 patients with stable HFrEF. Twenty-five of them underwent CRT device implantation with subsequent 6-month assessment. The control group consisted of 23 volunteers without HFrEF. Results: The analysis revealed that frequencies of non-classical-CD14+CD16++ monocytes were lower in HFrEF patients compared to the control group (6.98 IQR: 4.95–8.65 vs. 8.37 IQR: 6.47–9.94; p = 0.021), while CD14++CD16+ and CD14++CD16− did not differ. The analysis effect of CRT on the frequency of analysed monocyte subsets 6 months after CRT device implantation showed a significant increase in CD14+CD16++ (from 7 IQR: 4.5–8.4 to 7.9 IQR: 6.5–9.5; p = 0.042) and CD14++CD16+ (from 5.1 IQR: 3.7–6.5 to 6.8 IQR: 5.4–7.4; p = 0.017) monocytes, while the frequency of steady-state CD14++CD16− monocytes was decreased (from 81.4 IQR: 78–86.2 to 78.2 IQR: 76.1–81.7; p = 0.003). Conclusions: HFrEF patients present altered monocyte composition. CRT-related changes in the monocyte compartment achieve levels observed in controls without HFrEF.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > General Medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Medicine
Language:English
Date:9 December 2021
Deposited On:31 Jan 2022 14:02
Last Modified:27 Mar 2024 03:04
Publisher:MDPI Publishing
ISSN:2073-4409
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/cells10123482
PubMed ID:34943990
  • Content: Published Version
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)