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Development of a cell surface display system in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii


Molino, João Vitor Dutra; Carpine, Roberta; Gademann, Karl; Mayfield, Stephen; Sieber, Simon (2022). Development of a cell surface display system in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Algal Research, 61:102570.

Abstract

Cell-surface display systems are biotechnological techniques used to express heterologous proteins on the cell surface. Their application depends directly on the cell system used, as well as on the anchoring point for the surface displayed protein. To meet most application demands an inexpensive, safe, and scalable production platform, that reduces the economic barriers for large scale use is needed. Toward this goal, we screened three possible cell surface anchoring points in the green algae Chlamydomonas by fusing mVenus to prospective anchors moieties. The vectors harboring mVenus:anchor were screened for mVenus fluorescence and tested for cellular localization by confocal laser scanning microscopy. This strategy allowed the identification of two functional anchors, one for the cytoplasmic membrane using the MAW8 GPI-anchor signal, and one for the cell wall using the GP1 protein. We also exploited GP1 chemical and biological traits to release the fused proteins efficiently during cell wall shedding. Our work provides a foundation for surface engineering of C reinhardtii supporting both cell biology studies and biotechnology applications.

Abstract

Cell-surface display systems are biotechnological techniques used to express heterologous proteins on the cell surface. Their application depends directly on the cell system used, as well as on the anchoring point for the surface displayed protein. To meet most application demands an inexpensive, safe, and scalable production platform, that reduces the economic barriers for large scale use is needed. Toward this goal, we screened three possible cell surface anchoring points in the green algae Chlamydomonas by fusing mVenus to prospective anchors moieties. The vectors harboring mVenus:anchor were screened for mVenus fluorescence and tested for cellular localization by confocal laser scanning microscopy. This strategy allowed the identification of two functional anchors, one for the cytoplasmic membrane using the MAW8 GPI-anchor signal, and one for the cell wall using the GP1 protein. We also exploited GP1 chemical and biological traits to release the fused proteins efficiently during cell wall shedding. Our work provides a foundation for surface engineering of C reinhardtii supporting both cell biology studies and biotechnology applications.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Agronomy and Crop Science
Uncontrolled Keywords:Agronomy and Crop Science
Language:English
Date:1 January 2022
Deposited On:17 Jan 2022 16:13
Last Modified:27 May 2024 01:49
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2211-9264
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.algal.2021.102570
Project Information:
  • : FunderGebert Rüf Stiftung
  • : Grant ID
  • : Project Title
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)