The diversity of immune responses in allergic diseases is critically mediated by dendritic cells (DCs), including myeloid and plasmacytoid DCs. Allergen inhalation increased the release of IL-33 from patients with allergic rhinitis (AR), which affecting the downstream cells by binding to its receptor (ST2). However, the effects of inhaled allergens on the expression of ST2 by DCs and IL-33 on the function of mDCs are unknown. The levels of ST2+mDCs and ST2+pDCs in the blood from patients with AR and healthy subjects were examined using flow cytometry. Moreover, the patients were challenged using the allergens and the levels of ST2+mDCs and ST2+pDCs were investigated at different time points. We found that there were higher levels of ST2+ mDCs and ST2+ pDCs in patients with AR, and these levels were further increased 0.5 h after allergen inhalation. Additionally, the type 2 immune response was upregulated after challenge. IL-33 treatment increased the expression of ST2 on mDCs. Our study demonstrated that ST2 was upregulated on DCs after allergen inhalation and that mDCs responded directly to IL-33 through ST2, suggesting that the IL-33/ST2 axis might play an important role in the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis by DCs.