The aim of the present systematic review was to analyse studies using inorganic implant coatings and, in a meta-analysis, the effect of specifically tricalcium phosphate (TCP) and hydroxyapatite (HA) implant surface coatings on bone formation according to the PRISMA criteria. Inclusion criteria were the comparison to rough surfaced titanium implants in large animal studies at different time points of healing. Forty studies met the inclusion criteria for the systematic review. Fifteen of these analyzed the bone-to-implant contact (BIC) around the most investigated inorganic titanium implant coatings, namely TCP and HA, and were included in the meta-analysis. The results of the TCP group show after 14 days a BIC being 3.48% points lower compared with the reference surface. This difference in BIC decreases to 0.85% points after 21-28 days. After 42-84 days, the difference in BIC of 13.79% points is in favor of the TCP-coatings. However, the results are not statistically significant, in part due to the fact that the variability between the studies increased over time. The results of the HA group show a significant difference in mean BIC of 6.94% points after 14 days in favor of the reference surface. After 21-28 days and 42-84 days the difference in BIC is slightly in favor of the test group with 1.53% points and 1.57% points, respectively, lacking significance. In large animals, there does not seem to be much effect of TCP-coated or HA-coated implants over uncoated rough titanium implants in the short term.