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A systematic review on the effect of inorganic surface coatings in large animal models and meta-analysis on tricalcium phosphate and hydroxyapatite on periimplant bone formation


Damerau, Jeanne-Marie; Bierbaum, Susanne; Wiedemeier, Daniel; Korn, Paula; Smeets, Ralf; Jenny, Gregor; Nadalini, Johanna; Stadlinger, Bernd (2022). A systematic review on the effect of inorganic surface coatings in large animal models and meta-analysis on tricalcium phosphate and hydroxyapatite on periimplant bone formation. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, 110(1):157-175.

Abstract

The aim of the present systematic review was to analyse studies using inorganic implant coatings and, in a meta-analysis, the effect of specifically tricalcium phosphate (TCP) and hydroxyapatite (HA) implant surface coatings on bone formation according to the PRISMA criteria. Inclusion criteria were the comparison to rough surfaced titanium implants in large animal studies at different time points of healing. Forty studies met the inclusion criteria for the systematic review. Fifteen of these analyzed the bone-to-implant contact (BIC) around the most investigated inorganic titanium implant coatings, namely TCP and HA, and were included in the meta-analysis. The results of the TCP group show after 14 days a BIC being 3.48% points lower compared with the reference surface. This difference in BIC decreases to 0.85% points after 21-28 days. After 42-84 days, the difference in BIC of 13.79% points is in favor of the TCP-coatings. However, the results are not statistically significant, in part due to the fact that the variability between the studies increased over time. The results of the HA group show a significant difference in mean BIC of 6.94% points after 14 days in favor of the reference surface. After 21-28 days and 42-84 days the difference in BIC is slightly in favor of the test group with 1.53% points and 1.57% points, respectively, lacking significance. In large animals, there does not seem to be much effect of TCP-coated or HA-coated implants over uncoated rough titanium implants in the short term.

Abstract

The aim of the present systematic review was to analyse studies using inorganic implant coatings and, in a meta-analysis, the effect of specifically tricalcium phosphate (TCP) and hydroxyapatite (HA) implant surface coatings on bone formation according to the PRISMA criteria. Inclusion criteria were the comparison to rough surfaced titanium implants in large animal studies at different time points of healing. Forty studies met the inclusion criteria for the systematic review. Fifteen of these analyzed the bone-to-implant contact (BIC) around the most investigated inorganic titanium implant coatings, namely TCP and HA, and were included in the meta-analysis. The results of the TCP group show after 14 days a BIC being 3.48% points lower compared with the reference surface. This difference in BIC decreases to 0.85% points after 21-28 days. After 42-84 days, the difference in BIC of 13.79% points is in favor of the TCP-coatings. However, the results are not statistically significant, in part due to the fact that the variability between the studies increased over time. The results of the HA group show a significant difference in mean BIC of 6.94% points after 14 days in favor of the reference surface. After 21-28 days and 42-84 days the difference in BIC is slightly in favor of the test group with 1.53% points and 1.57% points, respectively, lacking significance. In large animals, there does not seem to be much effect of TCP-coated or HA-coated implants over uncoated rough titanium implants in the short term.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Biomaterials
Physical Sciences > Biomedical Engineering
Language:English
Date:January 2022
Deposited On:21 Jan 2022 15:32
Last Modified:17 Jun 2024 03:46
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1552-4973
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.b.34899
Related URLs:https://www.zora.uzh.ch/id/eprint/215847/
PubMed ID:34272804
  • Content: Published Version
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)