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Ex Vivo Lung Perfusion with K(ATP) Channel Modulators Antagonize Ischemia Reperfusion Injury


Arni, Stephan; Maeyashiki, Tatsuo; Latshang, Tsogyal; Opitz, Isabelle; Inci, Ilhan (2021). Ex Vivo Lung Perfusion with K(ATP) Channel Modulators Antagonize Ischemia Reperfusion Injury. Cells, 10(9):2296.

Abstract

Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) has been implemented to increase the number of donor lungs available for transplantation. The use of K(ATP) channel modulators during EVLP experiments may protect against lung ischemia-reperfusion injury and may inhibit the formation of reactive oxygen species. In a rat model of donation after circulatory death with 2 h warm ischemic time, we evaluated rat lungs for a 4-hour time in EVLP containing either mitochondrial-specific or plasma membrane and/or sarcolemmal-specific forms of K(ATP) channel modulators. Lung physiological data were recorded, and metabolic parameters were assessed. When compared to the control group, in the EVLP performed with diazoxide or 5-hydroxydecanoic acid (5-HD) we recorded significantly lower pulmonary vascular resistance and only in the diazoxide group recorded significant lung weight loss. In the perfusate of the 5-HD group, interleukin-1β and interleukin-1α were significantly lower when compared to the control group. Perfusate levels of calcium ions were significantly higher in both 5-HD and cromakalim groups, whereas the levels of calcium, potassium, chlorine and lactate were reduced in the diazoxide group, although not significantly when compared to the control. The use of a diazoxide mitochondrial-specific K(ATP) channel opener during EVLP improved lung physiological and metabolic parameters and reduced edema.

Abstract

Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) has been implemented to increase the number of donor lungs available for transplantation. The use of K(ATP) channel modulators during EVLP experiments may protect against lung ischemia-reperfusion injury and may inhibit the formation of reactive oxygen species. In a rat model of donation after circulatory death with 2 h warm ischemic time, we evaluated rat lungs for a 4-hour time in EVLP containing either mitochondrial-specific or plasma membrane and/or sarcolemmal-specific forms of K(ATP) channel modulators. Lung physiological data were recorded, and metabolic parameters were assessed. When compared to the control group, in the EVLP performed with diazoxide or 5-hydroxydecanoic acid (5-HD) we recorded significantly lower pulmonary vascular resistance and only in the diazoxide group recorded significant lung weight loss. In the perfusate of the 5-HD group, interleukin-1β and interleukin-1α were significantly lower when compared to the control group. Perfusate levels of calcium ions were significantly higher in both 5-HD and cromakalim groups, whereas the levels of calcium, potassium, chlorine and lactate were reduced in the diazoxide group, although not significantly when compared to the control. The use of a diazoxide mitochondrial-specific K(ATP) channel opener during EVLP improved lung physiological and metabolic parameters and reduced edema.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Thoracic Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > General Medicine
Language:English
Date:3 September 2021
Deposited On:25 Jan 2022 14:37
Last Modified:26 Feb 2024 02:44
Publisher:MDPI Publishing
ISSN:2073-4409
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/cells10092296
PubMed ID:34571948
  • Content: Published Version
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)