Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) has been implemented to increase the number of donor lungs available for transplantation. The use of K(ATP) channel modulators during EVLP experiments may protect against lung ischemia-reperfusion injury and may inhibit the formation of reactive oxygen species. In a rat model of donation after circulatory death with 2 h warm ischemic time, we evaluated rat lungs for a 4-hour time in EVLP containing either mitochondrial-specific or plasma membrane and/or sarcolemmal-specific forms of K(ATP) channel modulators. Lung physiological data were recorded, and metabolic parameters were assessed. When compared to the control group, in the EVLP performed with diazoxide or 5-hydroxydecanoic acid (5-HD) we recorded significantly lower pulmonary vascular resistance and only in the diazoxide group recorded significant lung weight loss. In the perfusate of the 5-HD group, interleukin-1β and interleukin-1α were significantly lower when compared to the control group. Perfusate levels of calcium ions were significantly higher in both 5-HD and cromakalim groups, whereas the levels of calcium, potassium, chlorine and lactate were reduced in the diazoxide group, although not significantly when compared to the control. The use of a diazoxide mitochondrial-specific K(ATP) channel opener during EVLP improved lung physiological and metabolic parameters and reduced edema.