The natural tripeptide glutathione (GSH) is a ubiquitous compound harboring various biological tasks, among them interacting with essential and toxic metal ions. Yet, although weakly binding the poisonous metal lead (Pb), GSH poorly detoxifies it. β-Mercaptoaspartic acid is a new-to-nature novel amino acid that was found to enhance the Pb-detoxification capability of a synthetic cyclic tetrapeptide. Aiming to explore the advantages of noncanonical amino acids (ncAAs) of this nature, we studied the detoxification capabilities of GSH and three analogue peptides, each of which contains at least one ncAA that harbors both free carboxylate and thiolate groups. A thorough investigation that includes in vitro detoxification and mechanistic evaluations, metal-binding affinity, metal selectivity, and computational studies shows that these ncAAs are highly beneficial in additively enhancing Pb binding and reveals the importance of both high affinity and metal selectivity in synergistically reducing Pb toxicity in cells. Hence, such ncAAs join the chemical toolbox against Pb poisoning and pollution, enabling peptides to strongly and selectively bind the toxic metal ion.