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Brothers increase women’s gender conformity


Brenøe, Anne Ardila (2022). Brothers increase women’s gender conformity. Journal of Population Economics, 35(4):1859-1896.

Abstract

I examine how one central aspect of the family environment - sibling sex composition - affects women’s gender conformity. Using Danish administrative data, I causally estimate the effect of having a second-born brother relative to a sister for first-born women. I show that women with a brother acquire more traditional gender roles as measured through their choice of occupation and partner. This results in a stronger response to motherhood in labor market outcomes. As a relevant mechanism, I provide evidence of increased gender-specialized parenting in families with mixed-sex children. Finally, I find persistent effects on the next generation of girls.

Abstract

I examine how one central aspect of the family environment - sibling sex composition - affects women’s gender conformity. Using Danish administrative data, I causally estimate the effect of having a second-born brother relative to a sister for first-born women. I show that women with a brother acquire more traditional gender roles as measured through their choice of occupation and partner. This results in a stronger response to motherhood in labor market outcomes. As a relevant mechanism, I provide evidence of increased gender-specialized parenting in families with mixed-sex children. Finally, I find persistent effects on the next generation of girls.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Demography
Social Sciences & Humanities > Economics and Econometrics
Uncontrolled Keywords:Economics and econometrics, demography, gender norms, gender conformity, sibling sex, occupational choice, motherhood
Language:English
Date:1 October 2022
Deposited On:10 Feb 2022 11:31
Last Modified:28 Jan 2024 02:43
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0933-1433
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00148-021-00830-9
Related URLs:https://zora.uzh.ch/id/eprint/195501
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)