Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and deadliest form of brain tumor and remains amongst the most difficult cancers to treat. Brevican (Bcan), a central nervous system (CNS)-specific extracellular matrix protein, is upregulated in high-grade glioma cells, including GBM. A Bcan isoform lacking most glycosylation, dg-Bcan, is found only in GBM tissues. Here, dg-Bcan is explored as a molecular target for GBM. In this study, a d-peptide library is screened to identify a small 8-amino acid dg-Bcan-Targeting Peptide (BTP) candidate, called BTP-7 that binds dg-Bcan with high affinity and specificity. BTP-7 is preferentially internalized by dg-Bcan-expressing patient-derived GBM cells. To demonstrate GBM targeting, BTP-7 is radiolabeled with 18F, a radioisotope of fluorine, and increased radiotracer accumulation is found in intracranial GBM established in mice using positron emission tomography (PET) imaging. dg-Bcan is an attractive molecular target for GBM, and BTP-7 represents a promising lead candidate for further development into novel imaging agents and targeted therapeutics.