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Childhood Explanatory Factors for Adolescent Offending: a Cross-national Comparison Based on Official Records in London, Pittsburgh, and Zurich


Zych, Izabela; Farrington, David P; Ribeaud, Denis; Eisner, Manuel P (2021). Childhood Explanatory Factors for Adolescent Offending: a Cross-national Comparison Based on Official Records in London, Pittsburgh, and Zurich. Journal of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology, 7(3):308-330.

Abstract

This study compares childhood explanatory factors for adolescent offending according to official records obtained in three longitudinal projects conducted in three different countries: the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development, the Pittsburgh Youth Study and the Zurich Project on Social Development from Childhood to Adulthood. This is the first comparison of a great variety of explanatory factors for recorded offending measured in three different geographic areas and different generations. Several common explanatory factors were found in the three projects, and they seem to be generalizable across time and context. Common explanatory factors for offending included individual factors such as high impulsivity, attention deficit, and low school achievement. Childrearing explanatory factors included poor supervision, physical discipline and parental conflict. Socioeconomic explanatory factors included low family income and divorced parents. Parental imprisonment was also a common risk factor among the three studies. Replicable childhood predictors of youth offending should be targeted in prevention.

Abstract

This study compares childhood explanatory factors for adolescent offending according to official records obtained in three longitudinal projects conducted in three different countries: the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development, the Pittsburgh Youth Study and the Zurich Project on Social Development from Childhood to Adulthood. This is the first comparison of a great variety of explanatory factors for recorded offending measured in three different geographic areas and different generations. Several common explanatory factors were found in the three projects, and they seem to be generalizable across time and context. Common explanatory factors for offending included individual factors such as high impulsivity, attention deficit, and low school achievement. Childrearing explanatory factors included poor supervision, physical discipline and parental conflict. Socioeconomic explanatory factors included low family income and divorced parents. Parental imprisonment was also a common risk factor among the three studies. Replicable childhood predictors of youth offending should be targeted in prevention.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Sociology
06 Faculty of Arts > Jacobs Center for Productive Youth Development
Dewey Decimal Classification:370 Education
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Applied Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Law
Social Sciences & Humanities > Life-span and Life-course Studies
Uncontrolled Keywords:Life-span and Life-course Studies, Law, Applied Psychology
Language:English
Date:1 September 2021
Deposited On:24 Feb 2022 15:42
Last Modified:26 Feb 2024 02:48
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:2199-4641
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s40865-021-00167-7
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID10FI14_170409
  • : Project TitleThe Zurich Project on the Social Development from Childhood to Adulthood: Phase V
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID100014-116829
  • : Project TitleThe Zurich Project on the Social Development of Children, Phase 2
  • : FunderJacobs Foundation
  • : Grant ID2010-888-1
  • : Project Title
  • Content: Accepted Version