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TARG1 protects against toxic DNA ADP-ribosylation


Tromans-Coia, Callum; Sanchi, Andrea; Moeller, Giuliana K; Timinszky, Gyula; Lopes, Massimo; Ahel, Ivan (2021). TARG1 protects against toxic DNA ADP-ribosylation. Nucleic Acids Research, 49(18):10477-10492.

Abstract

ADP-ribosylation is a modification that targets a variety of macromolecules and regulates a diverse array of important cellular processes. ADP-ribosylation is catalysed by ADP-ribosyltransferases and reversed by ADP-ribosylhydrolases. Recently, an ADP-ribosyltransferase toxin termed 'DarT' from bacteria, which is distantly related to human PARPs, was shown to modify thymidine in single-stranded DNA in a sequence specific manner. The antitoxin of DarT is the macrodomain containing ADP-ribosylhydrolase DarG, which shares striking structural homology with the human ADP-ribosylhydrolase TARG1. Here, we show that TARG1, like DarG, can reverse thymidine-linked DNA ADP-ribosylation. We find that TARG1-deficient human cells are extremely sensitive to DNA ADP-ribosylation. Furthermore, we also demonstrate the first detection of reversible ADP-ribosylation on genomic DNA in vivo from human cells. Collectively, our results elucidate the impact of DNA ADP-ribosylation in human cells and provides a molecular toolkit for future studies into this largely unknown facet of ADP-ribosylation.

Abstract

ADP-ribosylation is a modification that targets a variety of macromolecules and regulates a diverse array of important cellular processes. ADP-ribosylation is catalysed by ADP-ribosyltransferases and reversed by ADP-ribosylhydrolases. Recently, an ADP-ribosyltransferase toxin termed 'DarT' from bacteria, which is distantly related to human PARPs, was shown to modify thymidine in single-stranded DNA in a sequence specific manner. The antitoxin of DarT is the macrodomain containing ADP-ribosylhydrolase DarG, which shares striking structural homology with the human ADP-ribosylhydrolase TARG1. Here, we show that TARG1, like DarG, can reverse thymidine-linked DNA ADP-ribosylation. We find that TARG1-deficient human cells are extremely sensitive to DNA ADP-ribosylation. Furthermore, we also demonstrate the first detection of reversible ADP-ribosylation on genomic DNA in vivo from human cells. Collectively, our results elucidate the impact of DNA ADP-ribosylation in human cells and provides a molecular toolkit for future studies into this largely unknown facet of ADP-ribosylation.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Genetics
Language:English
Date:11 October 2021
Deposited On:16 Mar 2022 15:26
Last Modified:27 Apr 2024 01:36
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0305-1048
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkab771
PubMed ID:34508355
  • Content: Published Version
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)