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The importance of high performing team members in complex team work: results from quasi-experiments in professional team sports


Wegelin, Philipp; Orlowski, Johannes; Dietl, Helmut M (2022). The importance of high performing team members in complex team work: results from quasi-experiments in professional team sports. Economic Inquiry, 60(3):1296-1310.

Abstract

This paper empirically assesses peer effects of high performing team members in reciprocally interdependent team production. Using data from the National Basketball Association (NBA), we identify peer effects by exploiting unforeseen in-game injuries of high performing players. Results indicate that without a high performing player, other team members maintain efficiency and the division of tasks among each other. However, they slightly increase risk taking and decrease their individual output, resulting in an inferior overall outcome. These effects depend on whether a high performing player has a team-oriented or a self-oriented role in the team. Additionally, we observe that relatively skilled players try to step in for the absent high performing player.

Abstract

This paper empirically assesses peer effects of high performing team members in reciprocally interdependent team production. Using data from the National Basketball Association (NBA), we identify peer effects by exploiting unforeseen in-game injuries of high performing players. Results indicate that without a high performing player, other team members maintain efficiency and the division of tasks among each other. However, they slightly increase risk taking and decrease their individual output, resulting in an inferior overall outcome. These effects depend on whether a high performing player has a team-oriented or a self-oriented role in the team. Additionally, we observe that relatively skilled players try to step in for the absent high performing player.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Business Administration
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > General Business, Management and Accounting
Social Sciences & Humanities > Economics and Econometrics
Scope:Discipline-based scholarship (basic research)
Language:English
Date:1 July 2022
Deposited On:30 Mar 2022 06:23
Last Modified:27 Apr 2024 01:36
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0095-2583
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/ecin.13076
Other Identification Number:merlin-id:22016
  • Content: Published Version
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)