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Degrees of non-standardness. Feature-based analysis of variation in a Torlak dialect corpus


Vuković, Teodora; Escher, Anastasia; Sonnenhauser, Barbara (2022). Degrees of non-standardness. Feature-based analysis of variation in a Torlak dialect corpus. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 27(2):220-247.

Abstract

A corpus-based method for assessing a range of dialect-standard variation is presented for identifying samples exhibiting the highest prevalence of dialect features. This method provides insight into areal and inter-speaker variation and allows the extraction of maximally non-standard manifestations of the dialect, which may then be sampled and used for the study of language change and variation. The focus is on a non-standard Torlak variety, which has undergone considerable change under the influence of standard Serbian. The degree of variation is assessed by measuring the frequencies of five distinguishing linguistic features: accent position, dative reflexive si, auxiliary omission in the compound perfect, the post-positive article, and analytic case marking in the indirect object and possessive. Locations subject to the greatest and least influence of the standard are revealed using hierarchical clustering. A positive correlation between the frequencies of occurrence reveals which non-standard feature is the best predictor of the others.

Abstract

A corpus-based method for assessing a range of dialect-standard variation is presented for identifying samples exhibiting the highest prevalence of dialect features. This method provides insight into areal and inter-speaker variation and allows the extraction of maximally non-standard manifestations of the dialect, which may then be sampled and used for the study of language change and variation. The focus is on a non-standard Torlak variety, which has undergone considerable change under the influence of standard Serbian. The degree of variation is assessed by measuring the frequencies of five distinguishing linguistic features: accent position, dative reflexive si, auxiliary omission in the compound perfect, the post-positive article, and analytic case marking in the indirect object and possessive. Locations subject to the greatest and least influence of the standard are revealed using hierarchical clustering. A positive correlation between the frequencies of occurrence reveals which non-standard feature is the best predictor of the others.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Slavonic Studies
06 Faculty of Arts > Zurich Center for Linguistics
08 Research Priority Programs > Language and Space
06 Faculty of Arts > Linguistic Research Infrastructure (LiRI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:490 Other languages
410 Linguistics
Uncontrolled Keywords:Linguistics, Language contact, morphosyntax
Language:English
Date:8 June 2022
Deposited On:22 May 2022 09:59
Last Modified:29 Jan 2024 02:40
Publisher:John Benjamins Publishing
ISSN:1384-6655
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1075/ijcl.20014.vuk
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID100015_176378
  • : Project Title‘Ill-bred sons’, family and friends: tracing the multiple affiliations of Balkan Slavic
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDIZRPZ0_177557
  • : Project Title(Dis-)entangling traditions on the Central Balkans: Performance and perception (TraCeBa)