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Gut microbiota-derived metabolites contribute negatively to hindgut barrier function development at the early weaning goat model


Ke, Zhang; Zu, Yangbin; Yang, Yuxin; Guo, Mengmeng; Zhang, Ting; Zong, Bo; Huang, Shuhong; Suo, Langda; Ma, Buoha; Wang, Xiaolong; Wu, Yujiang; Brugger, Daniel; Chen, Yulin (2022). Gut microbiota-derived metabolites contribute negatively to hindgut barrier function development at the early weaning goat model. Animal Nutrition, (10):111-123.

Abstract

Early weaning induces intestinal injury, leading to a series of long-term symptoms such as inflammation, malabsorption and diarrhea. In this study, we hypothesized that microbes and their metabolites modulate the host's inflammatory response to early weaning stress in a goat model. A total of 18 female Tibetan goat kids (n = 9) were weaned from their mothers at 28 d (D28) and 60 d (D60) postpartum. D60 and D28 groups were fed the same solid diet ad libitum from weaning to 75 d of age. The colonic epithelium was subject to RNA-sequencing, the caecal digesta metabolomics were assessed by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and the caecal microbiota composition was analysed by 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing. We found that early weaning substantially increased the colonic pro-apoptotic gene expression of B-cell lymphoma associated X (Bax), caspase-9, and caspase-3, and decreased the expression of zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) and claudin-1 (P < 0.01). In addition, a significant Bacteroides acidifaciens enrichment was observed in the hindgut of early-weaned goats (P < 0.01), which negatively correlated with lysophosphatidylcholine products. Similarly, the chemokine signaling, IL-17 signaling, and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor (PPAR) signaling pathways were upregulated in the colonic mucosa of the early-weaned goats. By applying caecal microbiota transplantation from goats to defaunated C57/6J mice, we confirmed that caecal microbiota of D28 goat kids increased the relative abundance of B. acidifaciens and significantly up-regulated the genes of Bax, G protein–coupled receptor (GPR) 109A, GPR 43, fatty acid binding protein 6, nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group H member 3, angiotensin converting enzyme 2, and IL-6 expression (P < 0.05), and decreased ZO-1, and claudin-1 protein expression in the mice jejunum and colon (P < 0.001). These results proposed that the hindgut microbiota and metabolites mediate the barrier function weakening during early weaning, and the relative abundance of B. acidifaciens was negatively correlated with the hindgut barrier gene expression. This study demonstrates how weaning stress can affect key host–microbe interaction regulators in the hindgut, in a lysophosphatidylcholine dependent and independent manner. Furthermore, based on our mice data, these results are transferable to other mammal species.

Abstract

Early weaning induces intestinal injury, leading to a series of long-term symptoms such as inflammation, malabsorption and diarrhea. In this study, we hypothesized that microbes and their metabolites modulate the host's inflammatory response to early weaning stress in a goat model. A total of 18 female Tibetan goat kids (n = 9) were weaned from their mothers at 28 d (D28) and 60 d (D60) postpartum. D60 and D28 groups were fed the same solid diet ad libitum from weaning to 75 d of age. The colonic epithelium was subject to RNA-sequencing, the caecal digesta metabolomics were assessed by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and the caecal microbiota composition was analysed by 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing. We found that early weaning substantially increased the colonic pro-apoptotic gene expression of B-cell lymphoma associated X (Bax), caspase-9, and caspase-3, and decreased the expression of zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) and claudin-1 (P < 0.01). In addition, a significant Bacteroides acidifaciens enrichment was observed in the hindgut of early-weaned goats (P < 0.01), which negatively correlated with lysophosphatidylcholine products. Similarly, the chemokine signaling, IL-17 signaling, and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor (PPAR) signaling pathways were upregulated in the colonic mucosa of the early-weaned goats. By applying caecal microbiota transplantation from goats to defaunated C57/6J mice, we confirmed that caecal microbiota of D28 goat kids increased the relative abundance of B. acidifaciens and significantly up-regulated the genes of Bax, G protein–coupled receptor (GPR) 109A, GPR 43, fatty acid binding protein 6, nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group H member 3, angiotensin converting enzyme 2, and IL-6 expression (P < 0.05), and decreased ZO-1, and claudin-1 protein expression in the mice jejunum and colon (P < 0.001). These results proposed that the hindgut microbiota and metabolites mediate the barrier function weakening during early weaning, and the relative abundance of B. acidifaciens was negatively correlated with the hindgut barrier gene expression. This study demonstrates how weaning stress can affect key host–microbe interaction regulators in the hindgut, in a lysophosphatidylcholine dependent and independent manner. Furthermore, based on our mice data, these results are transferable to other mammal species.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinärwissenschaftliches Institut > Institute of Animal Nutrition
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:2022
Deposited On:25 May 2022 15:29
Last Modified:29 Jan 2024 02:40
Publisher:KeAi Communications
ISSN:2405-6545
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2022.04.004
  • Content: Published Version
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)