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Hybrid nanocomposite as a chest wall graft with improved vascularization by copper oxide nanoparticles


Buschmann, Johanna; Andreoli, Stefano; Jang, Jae-Hwi; Gröninger, Olivier; Stark, Wendelin; Spanaus, Katharina; Opelz, Christine; Meier Bürgisser, Gabriella; Calcagni, Maurizio; Jungraithmayr, Wolfgang (2022). Hybrid nanocomposite as a chest wall graft with improved vascularization by copper oxide nanoparticles. Journal of Biomaterials Applications, 36(10):1826-1837.

Abstract

Chest wall repair can be necessary after tumor resection or chest injury. In order to cover or replace chest wall defects, autologous tissue or different synthetic materials are commonly used, among them the semi-rigid gold standard Gore-Tex® and prolene meshes. Synthetic tissues include composite materials with an organic and an inorganic component. On the basis of previously reported hybrid nanocomposite poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid amorphous calcium phosphate nanocomposite (PLGA/aCaP), a CuO component was incorporated to yield (60%/35%/5%). This graft was tested in vitro by seeding with murine adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) for cell attachment and migration. The graft was compared to PLGA/CaCO$_{3}$ and PLGA/hydroxyapatite, each providing the inorganic phase as nanoparticles. Further characterization of the graft was performed using scanning electron microscopy. Furthermore, PLGA/aCaP/CuO was implanted as a chest wall graft in mice. After 4 weeks, total cell density, graft integration, extracellular matrix components such as fibronectin and collagen I, the cellular inflammatory response (macrophages, F4/80 and lymphocytes, CD3) as well as vascularization (CD31) were quantitatively assessed. The nanocomposite PLGA/aCaP/CuO showed a good cell attachment and cells migrated well into the pores of the electrospun meshes. Cell densities did not differ between PLGA/aCaP/CuO and PLGA/CaCO$_{3}$ or PLGA/hydroxyapatite, respectively. When applied as a chest wall graft, adequate stability for suturing into the thoracic wall could be achieved. Four weeks post-implantation, there was an excellent tissue integration without relevant fibrotic changes and a predominating collagen I matrix deposition within the graft. Slightly increased inflammation, reflected by increased infiltration of macrophages could be observed. Vascularization of the graft was significantly enhanced when compared with PLGA/aCaP (no CuO). We conclude that the hybrid nanocomposite PLGA/aCaP/CuO is a viable option to be used as a chest wall graft. Surgical implantation of the material is feasible and provides stability and enough flexibility. Proper tissue integration and an excellent vascularization are characteristics of this biodegradable material.

Abstract

Chest wall repair can be necessary after tumor resection or chest injury. In order to cover or replace chest wall defects, autologous tissue or different synthetic materials are commonly used, among them the semi-rigid gold standard Gore-Tex® and prolene meshes. Synthetic tissues include composite materials with an organic and an inorganic component. On the basis of previously reported hybrid nanocomposite poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid amorphous calcium phosphate nanocomposite (PLGA/aCaP), a CuO component was incorporated to yield (60%/35%/5%). This graft was tested in vitro by seeding with murine adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) for cell attachment and migration. The graft was compared to PLGA/CaCO$_{3}$ and PLGA/hydroxyapatite, each providing the inorganic phase as nanoparticles. Further characterization of the graft was performed using scanning electron microscopy. Furthermore, PLGA/aCaP/CuO was implanted as a chest wall graft in mice. After 4 weeks, total cell density, graft integration, extracellular matrix components such as fibronectin and collagen I, the cellular inflammatory response (macrophages, F4/80 and lymphocytes, CD3) as well as vascularization (CD31) were quantitatively assessed. The nanocomposite PLGA/aCaP/CuO showed a good cell attachment and cells migrated well into the pores of the electrospun meshes. Cell densities did not differ between PLGA/aCaP/CuO and PLGA/CaCO$_{3}$ or PLGA/hydroxyapatite, respectively. When applied as a chest wall graft, adequate stability for suturing into the thoracic wall could be achieved. Four weeks post-implantation, there was an excellent tissue integration without relevant fibrotic changes and a predominating collagen I matrix deposition within the graft. Slightly increased inflammation, reflected by increased infiltration of macrophages could be observed. Vascularization of the graft was significantly enhanced when compared with PLGA/aCaP (no CuO). We conclude that the hybrid nanocomposite PLGA/aCaP/CuO is a viable option to be used as a chest wall graft. Surgical implantation of the material is feasible and provides stability and enough flexibility. Proper tissue integration and an excellent vascularization are characteristics of this biodegradable material.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Reconstructive Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Thoracic Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Biomaterials
Physical Sciences > Biomedical Engineering
Language:English
Date:16 May 2022
Deposited On:02 Aug 2022 08:38
Last Modified:27 Feb 2024 02:42
Publisher:Sage Publications
ISSN:0885-3282
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/08853282211065624
PubMed ID:35285347
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