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Impact of MALDI-TOF MS identification on anaerobic species and genus diversity in routine diagnostics


Bächli, Patrik; Baars, Sibylle; Simmler, Anita; Zbinden, Reinhard; Schulthess, Bettina (2022). Impact of MALDI-TOF MS identification on anaerobic species and genus diversity in routine diagnostics. Anaerobe, 75:102554.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Introduction of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has revolutionized bacterial identification in the last decade. In 2013, MALDI-TOF MS was implemented for the identification of anaerobic bacteria at our laboratory. This study analyzed the impact of MALDI-TOF MS on the number of different anaerobic genera and species identified in diagnostics.
METHODS: 155 anaerobic human clinical isolates, representing the most frequently isolated anaerobic species at our laboratory, were identified by conventional biochemical methods and by a Bruker MALDI Biotyper (Bruker Daltonics, Bremen, Germany). Discrepancies were resolved by partial 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. In addition, we compared the frequencies of anaerobic genera and species prior to the implementation of MALDI-TOF MS from 2008 to 2012 to the frequencies of anaerobes from 2013 to 2020 when MALDI-TOF MS was used for identification.
RESULTS: The diversity of anaerobic bacteria increased from 12 genera and 20 species in 2012, before the introduction of MALDI-TOF MS, to 16 genera and 31 species in 2013 and to 20 genera and 41 species in 2020 when MALDI-TOF MS was used as primary identification method. MALDI-TOF MS allowed species assignment within closely related species such as the Bacteroides fragilis group in accordance with 16S identification, and correctly identified newly described anaerobic species.
CONCLUSION: Introduction of MALDI-TOF MS identification increased genus and species diversity of the reported anaerobes at our laboratory. Updates to the MALDI-TOF MS database and new species descriptions will further increase the diversity of anaerobic bacteria isolated from infectious processes.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Introduction of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has revolutionized bacterial identification in the last decade. In 2013, MALDI-TOF MS was implemented for the identification of anaerobic bacteria at our laboratory. This study analyzed the impact of MALDI-TOF MS on the number of different anaerobic genera and species identified in diagnostics.
METHODS: 155 anaerobic human clinical isolates, representing the most frequently isolated anaerobic species at our laboratory, were identified by conventional biochemical methods and by a Bruker MALDI Biotyper (Bruker Daltonics, Bremen, Germany). Discrepancies were resolved by partial 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. In addition, we compared the frequencies of anaerobic genera and species prior to the implementation of MALDI-TOF MS from 2008 to 2012 to the frequencies of anaerobes from 2013 to 2020 when MALDI-TOF MS was used for identification.
RESULTS: The diversity of anaerobic bacteria increased from 12 genera and 20 species in 2012, before the introduction of MALDI-TOF MS, to 16 genera and 31 species in 2013 and to 20 genera and 41 species in 2020 when MALDI-TOF MS was used as primary identification method. MALDI-TOF MS allowed species assignment within closely related species such as the Bacteroides fragilis group in accordance with 16S identification, and correctly identified newly described anaerobic species.
CONCLUSION: Introduction of MALDI-TOF MS identification increased genus and species diversity of the reported anaerobes at our laboratory. Updates to the MALDI-TOF MS database and new species descriptions will further increase the diversity of anaerobic bacteria isolated from infectious processes.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Microbiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Microbiology
Health Sciences > Infectious Diseases
Language:English
Date:June 2022
Deposited On:08 Aug 2022 16:02
Last Modified:27 Jun 2024 01:38
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1075-9964
OA Status:Hybrid
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anaerobe.2022.102554
PubMed ID:35367612
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)