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Economic sanctions, healthcare and the right to health


Germani, Federico; März, Julian W; Clarinval, Caroline; Biller-Andorno, Nikola (2022). Economic sanctions, healthcare and the right to health. BMJ Global Health, 7(7):e009486.

Abstract

Sanctions are increasingly used by national states and the international community to put economic and political pressure on target countries, with the aim of effecting a shift in foreign or internal policies.
In this paper, we argue that sanctions should never be imposed on healthcare products—diagnostic, curative or preventive—or on any other good or service that can be reasonably expected to entail direct negative consequences on access to healthcare in the sanctioned state.
In addition, we propose the establishment of a supranational task force to review and monitor sanctions to ensure they do not violate the right to health, or to mandate existing organisations to monitor the effects sanctions have on healthcare systems.
We discuss these issues considering key ethical and human rights aspects, including justice, vulnerability, proportionality and responsibility.
We discuss how responsibility should be shared between states or organisations imposing the sanctions, and states targeted by sanctions.
Sanctioned states should make efforts to mitigate effects of economic sanctions by prioritising spending in the interest of their citizens’ health.

Abstract

Sanctions are increasingly used by national states and the international community to put economic and political pressure on target countries, with the aim of effecting a shift in foreign or internal policies.
In this paper, we argue that sanctions should never be imposed on healthcare products—diagnostic, curative or preventive—or on any other good or service that can be reasonably expected to entail direct negative consequences on access to healthcare in the sanctioned state.
In addition, we propose the establishment of a supranational task force to review and monitor sanctions to ensure they do not violate the right to health, or to mandate existing organisations to monitor the effects sanctions have on healthcare systems.
We discuss these issues considering key ethical and human rights aspects, including justice, vulnerability, proportionality and responsibility.
We discuss how responsibility should be shared between states or organisations imposing the sanctions, and states targeted by sanctions.
Sanctioned states should make efforts to mitigate effects of economic sanctions by prioritising spending in the interest of their citizens’ health.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Biomedical Ethics and History of Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health, Health Policy
Language:English
Date:1 July 2022
Deposited On:08 Aug 2022 16:24
Last Modified:27 Apr 2024 01:38
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN:2059-7908
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2022-009486
PubMed ID:35896183
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)