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Frequency and causes of delayed diagnosis of visceral artery pseudoaneurysms with CT: Lessons leraned


De Martini, Ilaria Vittoria. Frequency and causes of delayed diagnosis of visceral artery pseudoaneurysms with CT: Lessons leraned. 2020, University of Zurich, Faculty of Medicine.

Abstract

Objective: Visceral artery pseudoaneurysms (VAPA) are associated with a high morbidity and mortality, but sometimes are missed in initial computed tomography (CT) examinations. The aims of this study were to determine the frequency and causes of misdiagnoses of VAPA with CT.

Materials and methods: We retrospectively identified 77 patients with VAPA in our database who underwent contrast-enhanced CT. The frequency of delayed diagnosis was determined and the reasons were noted. We identified the etiology of VAPA, measured size, and noted the affected vessels.

Results: Forty-five of the 77 patients (58 %) had a delayed diagnosis of VAPA. There was no difference in the rate of missed VAPA in symptomatic compared to asymptomatic patients (p = 0.255). The majority of VAPA were associated with previous surgery or interventions (n = 48/62 %). The major affected vessel was the hepatic (n = 31) followed by the splenic artery (n = 17). The main reasons for misdiagnosis were a missed arterial phase in CT (n = 16/36 %), artifacts masking the aneurysm (n = 9/20 %), overlooked pseudoaneurysm (n = 19/42 %), and misinterpretation by attending radiologists (n = 1/2 %). Missed VAPA were smaller (median 8 mm) than those VAPA that were initially diagnosed (median 13 mm, p < 0.01), but occurred with a similar frequency in larger and smaller visceral arteries (p = 0.601).

Conclusions: Our study showed that 58 % of VAPA were diagnosed with delay, with the following four reasons for misdiagnosis: Lack of an arterial contrast phase in CT, no techniques for artifact reduction, and lack of awareness of the radiologists. Avoiding delayed diagnosis will most probably improve outcome of patients with VAPA.

Keywords: Computed tomography; Endovascular procedures; Pseudoaneurysm; Visceral artery.

Abstract

Objective: Visceral artery pseudoaneurysms (VAPA) are associated with a high morbidity and mortality, but sometimes are missed in initial computed tomography (CT) examinations. The aims of this study were to determine the frequency and causes of misdiagnoses of VAPA with CT.

Materials and methods: We retrospectively identified 77 patients with VAPA in our database who underwent contrast-enhanced CT. The frequency of delayed diagnosis was determined and the reasons were noted. We identified the etiology of VAPA, measured size, and noted the affected vessels.

Results: Forty-five of the 77 patients (58 %) had a delayed diagnosis of VAPA. There was no difference in the rate of missed VAPA in symptomatic compared to asymptomatic patients (p = 0.255). The majority of VAPA were associated with previous surgery or interventions (n = 48/62 %). The major affected vessel was the hepatic (n = 31) followed by the splenic artery (n = 17). The main reasons for misdiagnosis were a missed arterial phase in CT (n = 16/36 %), artifacts masking the aneurysm (n = 9/20 %), overlooked pseudoaneurysm (n = 19/42 %), and misinterpretation by attending radiologists (n = 1/2 %). Missed VAPA were smaller (median 8 mm) than those VAPA that were initially diagnosed (median 13 mm, p < 0.01), but occurred with a similar frequency in larger and smaller visceral arteries (p = 0.601).

Conclusions: Our study showed that 58 % of VAPA were diagnosed with delay, with the following four reasons for misdiagnosis: Lack of an arterial contrast phase in CT, no techniques for artifact reduction, and lack of awareness of the radiologists. Avoiding delayed diagnosis will most probably improve outcome of patients with VAPA.

Keywords: Computed tomography; Endovascular procedures; Pseudoaneurysm; Visceral artery.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Dissertation (monographical)
Referees:Alkadhi Hatem
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
UZH Dissertations
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2020
Deposited On:03 Oct 2022 09:09
Last Modified:04 Oct 2022 03:28
OA Status:Green
Related URLs:https://www.zora.uzh.ch/id/eprint/186031/
  • Content: Published Version
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)