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Embryonic and neonatal waves generate distinct populations of hepatic ILC1s


Abstract

Group 1 innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) comprising circulating natural killer (cNK) cells and tissue-resident ILC1s are critical for host defense against pathogens and tumors. Despite a growing understanding of their role in homeostasis and disease, the ontogeny of group 1 ILCs remains largely unknown. Here, we used fate mapping and single-cell transcriptomics to comprehensively investigate the origin and turnover of murine group 1 ILCs. Whereas cNK cells are continuously replaced throughout life, we uncovered tissue-dependent development and turnover of ILC1s. A first wave of ILC1s emerges during embryogenesis in the liver and transiently colonizes fetal tissues. After birth, a second wave quickly replaces ILC1s in most tissues apart from the liver, where they layer with embryonic ILC1s, persist until adulthood, and undergo a specific developmental program. Whereas embryonically derived ILC1s give rise to a cytotoxic subset, the neonatal wave establishes the full spectrum of ILC1s. Our findings uncover key ontogenic features of murine group 1 ILCs and their association with cellular identities and functions.

Abstract

Group 1 innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) comprising circulating natural killer (cNK) cells and tissue-resident ILC1s are critical for host defense against pathogens and tumors. Despite a growing understanding of their role in homeostasis and disease, the ontogeny of group 1 ILCs remains largely unknown. Here, we used fate mapping and single-cell transcriptomics to comprehensively investigate the origin and turnover of murine group 1 ILCs. Whereas cNK cells are continuously replaced throughout life, we uncovered tissue-dependent development and turnover of ILC1s. A first wave of ILC1s emerges during embryogenesis in the liver and transiently colonizes fetal tissues. After birth, a second wave quickly replaces ILC1s in most tissues apart from the liver, where they layer with embryonic ILC1s, persist until adulthood, and undergo a specific developmental program. Whereas embryonically derived ILC1s give rise to a cytotoxic subset, the neonatal wave establishes the full spectrum of ILC1s. Our findings uncover key ontogenic features of murine group 1 ILCs and their association with cellular identities and functions.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Experimental Immunology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Oncology and Hematology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Immunology and Allergy
Life Sciences > Immunology
Language:English
Date:2 September 2022
Deposited On:28 Feb 2023 09:58
Last Modified:27 Feb 2024 02:46
Publisher:American Association for the Advancement of Science
ISSN:2470-9468
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1126/sciimmunol.abo6641
PubMed ID:36054340
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